A vacuum Rabi oscillation is a damped oscillation of an initially excited atom coupled to an electromagnetic resonator or cavity in which the atom alternately emits photon(s) into a single-mode electromagnetic cavity and reabsorbs them. The atom interacts with a single-mode field confined to a a limited volume V in an optical cavity.   Spontaneous emission results as a consequence of coupling between the atom and the vacuum fluctuations of the cavity field. The vacuum Rabi frequency is given by
where R is the location of the atom, f ( R ) = exp ( i k.R) for plane-wave fields, ε is the field polarization, = [ ħ ωk / ( 2 ε0 V )]1/2 is the electric field per photon, and < p.ε > is the dipole matrix element.
References and notes
1. ^ Hiroyuki Yokoyama & Ujihara K (1995). Spontaneous emission and laser oscillation in microcavities. Boca Raton: CRC Press, p. 6. ISBN 0849337860.
2. ^ Kerry Vahala (2004). Optical microcavities. Singapore: World Scientific, p. 368. ISBN 9812387757.
3. ^ Rodney Loudon (2000). The quantum theory of light. Oxford UK: Oxford University Press, 172. ISBN 0198501773.
* Spontaneous emission
* Vacuum fluctuations
* Jaynes-Cummings model
* Rabi problem