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Ettingshausen Effect

The Ettingshausen Effect (named for Albert von Ettingshausen) is a thermoelectric (or thermomagnetic) phenomenon that affects electric current in a conductor when a magnetic field is present.

The result of the phenomenon is that a potential difference is induced normal to both the direction of the magnetic field and the current.

Alternately, a temperature gradient is induced. This effect is quantified by the Ettingshausen coefficient |P|, which is defined to be

where dT / dx is the temperature gradient that results from the y-component IY of an electric flux and the z-component BZ of a magnetic field.

The reverse process is known as the Nernst effect.

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