A Dyson tree is a hypothetical genetically-engineered plant, (perhaps resembling a tree) capable of growing in a comet, suggested by the physicist Freeman Dyson. He suggested that such plants could produce a breathable atmosphere within hollow spaces in the comet (or even within the plants themselves) utilising solar energy and cometary materials, thus providing self-sustaining habitats for humanity in the outer solar system.
A Dyson tree might consist of a few main trunk structures growing out from a comet nucleus, flowering into branches and leaves that intertwine, forming a spherical structure possibly dozens of kilometers across.
Dyson trees in science fiction
Dyson trees are mentioned a number of times in science fiction, beginning in the 1980s:
* One of the first adoptions of the trope is Rachel Pollack's Tree House (1984).
* The concept is discussed in Carl Sagan and Ann Druyan's 1985 non-fiction book Comet, and several paintings of Dyson trees around Saturn and in interstellar space are provided in the book by Jon Lomberg.
* In Michael Swanwick's 1987 transhumanist novel Vacuum Flowers, "dysonsworlders" have established tree settlements in the Oort Cloud.
* Under the name of "Space Poplars", Dyson trees are described in Donald Moffitt's two science fiction novels, The Genesis Quest and Second Genesis. Here they are used as both habitats and spacecraft, propelled by reflective outer leaves used as organic solar sails.
* Dan Simmons, in Endymion (1996) and the Rise of Endymion (1997) - both part of his Hyperion Cantos - refers to dyson trees, and in the latter novel to a huge tree system that surrounds an entire star (reminiscent of a Dyson sphere).
* In Stephen Baxter's Manifold: Space (2001), Baxter's protagonist Reid Malenfant at one point finds himself inside a dyson tree.
* In the Orion's Arm shared universe (established 2000), dyson trees and dyson tree "forests" are called orwoods; these have been established in a number of star systems throughout terragen space. The word "Orwood" in this context was originally coined by Anders Sandberg.
* The Transhuman Space roleplaying game includes the beginning of a dyson tree endeavour on Yggdrasil Station (Deep Beyond, p.70, 2003)
* In the Tenchi Muyo OVA series The Jurai utilize trees that can live in space as ships, and in the temple of the goddess like character Tokimi there is seen a giant tree whose roots encompass a planet.
* In The Dirty Pair series Run From the Future is set on the Nimkasi habitat, an outlaw habitat that is a Dyson tree.
* The video game Dyson (now called Eufloria to avoid confusion with Dyson vacuum cleaners) got its name and idea from Freeman Dyson's Dyson Tree hypothesis.
* Dyson Trees in Orion's Arm
* Dyson Trees - Bad Astronomy and Universe Today Forum
* Dyson Tree - Innovative Technologies from Science Fiction for Space Application.