Chaldene (pronounced /kælˈdiːni/ kal-DEE-nee, or as in Greek Χαλδηνη [?]), also known as Jupiter XXI, is a retrograde irregular satellite of Jupiter. It was discovered by a team of astronomers from the University of Hawaii led by Scott S. Sheppard, et al. in 2000, and given the temporary designation S/2000 J 10.
Chaldene is about 3.8 kilometres in diameter, and orbits Jupiter at an average distance of 22,713 Mm in 699.327 days, at an inclination of 167° to the ecliptic (169° to Jupiter's equator), in a retrograde direction and with an eccentricity of 0.2916.
It was named in October 2002 after Chaldene, the mother of Solymos by Zeus in Greek mythology.
It belongs to the Carme group, made up of irregular retrograde moons orbiting Jupiter at a distance ranging between 23 and 24 Gm and at an inclination of about 165°.
1. ^ IAUC 7555: Satellites of Jupiter 2001 January 5 (discovery)
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