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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Superclassis: Multicrustacea
Classis: Malacostraca
Subclassis: Eumalacostraca
Superordo: Eucarida
Ordo: Decapoda
Subordo: Pleocyemata
Infraordo: Brachyura
Sectio: Eubrachyura
Subsectio: Heterotremata
Superfamilia: Portunoidea

Familia: Portunidae
Genus: Charybdis
Species (63): C. acuta – C. acutidens – C. acutifrons – C. affinis – C. africana – C. amboinensis – C. anisodon – C. annulata – C. beauforti – C. bimaculata – C. brevispinosa – C. callianassa – C. cookei – C. crosnieri – C. curtidentata – C. curtilobus – C. demani – C. edwardsi – C. erythrodactyla – C. feriata – C. goaensis – C. gordonae – C. granulata – C. hawaiensis – C. hellerii – C. heterodon – C. holosericus – C. hongkongensis – C. hoplites – C. ihlei – C. incisa – C. japonica – C. jaubertensis – C. javaensis – C. longicollis – C. lucifera – C. meteor – C. miles – C. natator – C. obtusifrons – C. omanensis – C. orientalis – C. orlik – C. ornata – C. padadiana – C. padangensis – C. philippinensis – C. pusilla – C. rathbuni – C. riversandersoni – C. rosea – C. rostrata – C. rufodactylus – C. sagamiensis – C. salehensis – C. seychellensis – C. smithii – C. spinifera – C. truncata – C. vadorum – C. vannamei – C. variegata – C. yaldwyni

[source: Catalogue of Life: 2012 Annual Checklist, needs verification]


Charybdis riversandersoni

Charybdis riversandersoni


Dessouassi, C.E., Lalèyè, P.A. & d'Udekem d'Acoz, C. 2019. First record of the globally invasive crab, Charybdis hellerii (A. Milne-Edwards, 1867), in Benin, with notes on its taxonomy (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae). Zootaxa 4576(2): 201–238. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4576.2.1 Paywall Reference page.
Evans, N.M. 2018. Molecular phylogenetics of swimming crabs (Portunoidea Rafinesque, 1815) supports a revised family-level classification and suggests a single derived origin of symbiotic taxa. PeerJ. 6: e4260. DOI: 10.7717/peerj.4260 Open access Reference page. [See p. 36]


BHL bibliography
Charybdis – Taxon details on Encyclopedia of Life (EOL).
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2019. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Charybdis.
Nomenclator Zoologicus
Davie, P.; Türkay, M. (2012). Charybdis. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at on 2012-05-14

Charybdis is a genus of swimming crabs in the family Portunidae. It is named after the monster Charybdis of Greek mythology.

The genus Charybdis contains the following species:[1]

Subgenus Charybdis (Charybdis) De Haan, 1833

Charybdis acuta (A. Milne-Edwards, 1869)
Charybdis acutidens Türkay, 1986
Charybdis affinis Dana, 1852
Charybdis amboinensis Leene, 1938
Charybdis anisodon (De Haan, 1850)
Charybdis annulata (Fabricius, 1798)
Charybdis beauforti Leene & Buitendijk, 1949
Charybdis brevispinosa Leene, 1937
Charybdis callianassa (Herbst, 1789)
Charybdis cookei Rathbun, 1923
Charybdis crosnieri Spiridonov & Türkay, 2001
Charybdis curtilobus Stephenson & Rees, 1967
Charybdis demani Leene, 1937
Charybdis feriata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Charybdis gordonae Shen, 1934
Charybdis granulata (De Haan, 1833)
Charybdis hawaiensis Edmondson, 1954
Charybdis hellerii (A. Milne-Edwards, 1867)
Charybdis heterodon Nobili, 1905
Charybdis holosericus (Fabricius, 1787)
Charybdis ihlei Leene & Buitendijk, 1949
Charybdis incisa Rathbun, 1923
Charybdis japonica (A. Milne-Edwards, 1861)
Charybdis jaubertensis Rathbun, 1924
Charybdis javaensis Zarenkov, 1970
Charybdis lucifera (Fabricius, 1798)[2]
Charybdis meteor Spiridonov & Türkay, 2001
Charybdis miles (De Haan, 1835)
Charybdis natator (Herbst, 1794)
Charybdis orientalis Dana, 1852
Charybdis padadiana Ward, 1941
Charybdis philippinensis Ward, 1941
Charybdis rathbuni Leene, 1938
Charybdis riversandersoni Alcock, 1899
Charybdis rosea (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1846)
Charybdis rostrata (A. Milne-Edwards, 1861)
Charybdis rufodactylus Stephenson & Rees, 1968
Charybdis sagamiensis Parisi, 1916
Charybdis salehensis Leene, 1938
Charybdis seychellensis Crosnier, 1984
Charybdis spinifera (Edward J. Miers|Miers, 1884)
Charybdis vannamei Ward, 1941
Charybdis variegata (Fabricius, 1798)
Charybdis yaldwyni Rees & Stephenson, 1967

Subgenus Charybdis (Goniohellenus) Alcock, 1899

Charybdis curtidentata Stephenson, 1967
Charybdis hongkongensis Shen, 1934
Charybdis hoplites (Wood-Mason, 1877)
Charybdis longicollis Leene, 1938
Charybdis omanensis Leene, 1938
Charybdis ornata (A. Milne-Edwards, 1861)
Charybdis padangensis Leene & Buitendijk, 1952
Charybdis philippinensis Ward, 1941
Charybdis pusilla Alcock, 1899
Charybdis smithii MacLeay, 1838
Charybdis truncata (Fabricius, 1798)
Charybdis vadorum Alcock, 1899

Subgenus Charybdis (Gonioneptunus) Ortmann, 1894

Charybdis africana Shen, 1935
Charybdis bimaculata (Miers, 1886)
Charybdis orlik Zarenkov, 1970

Subgenus Charybdis (Goniosupradens) Leene, 1938

Charybdis acutifrons (De Man, 1879)
Charybdis erythrodactyla (Lamarck, 1818)
Charybdis obtusifrons Leene, 1937

Incertae sedis

Charybdis paucidentata (A. Milne-Edwards)
Charybdis sexdentata (Herbst, 1783)

Charybdis affinis

Charybdis affinis has a hexagonal, concave carapace with a yellowish-grey colour. This crab is found in the Indian Ocean and in the West Pacific.[3]
Charybdis feriata

Charybdis feriata is found in the Indian and Pacific Oceans, from Japan, China and Australia to Southern Africa and the Persian Gulf.[4] It is an edible crab and because of its large size, high quality of meat and relatively soft exoskeleton, it has a high commercial value. Attempts are being made to farm this crab using aquaculture.[5] In Hong Kong Cantonese it is known as the flowery crab (花蟹).[6] This name probably arises from its red and white colouring when cooked. This species of crab is also known as Charybdis feriatus and Charybdis cruciata,[4] and has also been found in the Mediterranean Sea. The specific epithet cruciata refers to the red cross on the carapace of this species. According to tradition the Spanish Jesuit missionary Saint Francis Xavier saw this crab in Indonesia. "A Ceram, écrit François-Xavier, un crabe sur la plage me rapporta entre ses pinces mon crucifix qu'une tempête avait arraché à mon cou. Depuis, en cette région, les crabes ont un crucifix imprimé sur leur carapace".[7]
Charybdis hellerii
Charybdis hellerii

Charybdis hellerii is characterised by a hexagonal, concave carapace with a mottled brownish-grey colour. This crab originates from the Indo-West Pacific, from the Red Sea to New Caledonia. However this crab has now also successively invaded the Western Atlantic (Florida to Brazil)[8] and the Mediterranean Sea.[9]
Charybdis japonica
Main article: Charybdis japonica

Charybdis japonica has a hexagonal, concave carapace around 12 centimetres (4.7 in) wide, the whole animal being pale green to olive green in colour. It occurs naturally in the waters around Japan, Korea and Malaysia, but has become an invasive species in New Zealand.
Charybdis lucifera
Main article: Charybdis lucifera

Charybdis (Charybdis) lucifera, the Yellowish-brown crab, is a species of swimming crab in the family Portunidae.[10] The type locality of this species is Indian Ocean, probably Tranquebar. It occurs naturally in the waters around Bangladesh, Malaysia,[2] India, Singapore,[11] Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Australia, Italy (Invasive species), Egypt (Invasive species), Mediterranean Sea (Invasive species).[2]
Charybdis longicollis

Charybdis longicollis is an invasive species from the Red Sea that invaded the Mediterranean Sea fifty years ago.[12]
Charybdis natator

Charybdis natator is characterised by a brownish upper surface with some white spots among the wafts or bright red granules. On its under surface it is bluish, mottled with white and pale red.[13] This crab is not a major target for commercial fishing.[14][15]
Charybdis miles

Though Charybdis miles was originally designated as its own species, it now actually refers to a group of different species including C. acutidens, C. meteor, C. riversandersoni, C. crosnieri, and C. sagamiensis.[16] Unlike most portunid crabs, most species belonging to this group inhabit the deep sea.[16]

P. Davie; M. Türkay (2011). "Charybdis De Haan, 1833". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved March 31, 2017.
Hamli, Hadi; Al-Asif, Abdulla-; Ismail, Johan; Gerusu, Geoffery James; Nerurkar, Sayali (28 March 2021). "First record of Yellowish-brown crab Charybdis (Charybdis) lucifera (Fabricius, 1798) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Portunidae) from Malaysian waters after 127 years, with morphological and ecological notes". Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. 119 (2): 1–5. doi:10.17087/jbnhs/2022/v119/159849 (inactive 2023-02-12).
K. H. Chu (1999). "Morphometric analysis and reproductive biology of the crab Charybdis affinis (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae) from the Zhujiang Estuary, China". Crustaceana. 72 (7): 647–658. doi:10.1163/156854099503690.
P. Abellу; C. Hispano (2006). "The capture of the Indo-Pacific crab Charybdis feriata (Linnaeus, 1758) (Brachyura: Portunidae) in the Mediterranean Sea". Aquatic Invasions. 1: 13–16. doi:10.3391/ai.2006.1.1.4.
F. D. Parado-Estepa; E. T. Quinitio; E. M. Rodriguez (2003). "Seed Production of the Crucifix Crab Charybdis feriatus" (PDF). Aqua KE Government Documents. VII (3): 37. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-27.
C.-J. Shen (1997). "The Crabs of Hong Kong Part III" (PDF). The Hong Kong Naturalist. 10: 32–45.
R. de Ceccatty (1985). L'extrémité du monde. Relation de saint François-Xavier sur ses voyages et sur sa vie. Paris. p. 113.
J. F. Dineen; P. F. Clark; A. H. Hines; S. A. Reed; H. P. Walton (2001). "Life history, larval description, and natural history of Charybdis hellerii (Decapoda: Brachyura: Portunidae), an invasive crab in the western Atlantic". Journal of Crustacean Biology. 21 (3): 774–805. doi:10.1651/0278-0372(2001)021[0774:LHLDAN]2.0.CO;2. S2CID 198969393.
"Charybdis helleri". CIESM - The Mediterranean Science Commission.
Liu J.Y. (2008). "Charybdis (Charybdis) lucifer (Fabricius, 1798)". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 4 February 2023.
Yeo, Abel Meng Wei; Kwan, Ivan Wei Ming (31 October 2022). "First Singapore record of the swimming crab, Charybdis lucifera". Nature in Singapore. 15 (1): e2022017. doi:10.26107/NIS-2022-0107.
G. Innocenti; N. Pinter; B. S. Galil (2003). "Observations on the agonistic behavior of the swimming crab Charybdis longicollis Leene infected by the rhizocephalan barnacle Heterosaccus dollfusi Boschma" (PDF). Canadian Journal of Zoology. 81: 173–176. doi:10.1139/z02-226. hdl:2158/1130931. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2004-09-11.
"Marine Iconography of the Philippines Archipelago".
"Hong Kong City University".
"Sydney Fish Market: Crabs". Archived from the original on 2013-10-09. Retrieved 2013-10-09.
Spiridonov, V. A.; TÜrkay, M. (March 2001). "Deep sea swimming crabs of the Charybdis miles species group in the western Indian Ocean (Crustacea: Decapoda: Portunidae)". Journal of Natural History. 35 (3): 439–469. doi:10.1080/002229301300009649. ISSN 0022-2933. S2CID 86055626.


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