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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Cladus: Pancrustacea
Superclassis: Multicrustacea
Classis: Malacostraca
Subclassis: Eumalacostraca
Superordo: Eucarida
Ordo: Decapoda
Subordo: Pleocyemata
Infraordo: Glypheidea
Superfamiliae: Glypheoidea – †Erymoidea

Glypheidea is an infraorder of lobster-like decapod crustaceans, comprising a number of fossil forms and the two extant (living) genera Neoglyphea and Laurentaeglyphea:[1] The infraorder was thought to be extinct until a living species, Neoglyphea inopinata, was discovered in 1975. They are now considered "living fossils", with over 256 fossil species discovered, and just two extant species.[2]

Glypheidea belongs to the clade Reptantia within the order Decapoda, although its exact placement within Reptantia is difficult to determine.[3] Some phylogenetic studies consider Glypheidea to be most closely related to the infraorder Astacidea, which consists of the lobsters and crayfish,[2] whereas other studies instead consider Glypheidea to be more closely related to the infraorder Polychelida, a group of deep-sea blind lobsters.[3]

Glypheoidea Winckler, 1882

† Chimaerastacidae Amati, Feldmann & Zonneveld, 2004
† Chimaerastacus Amati, Feldmann & Zonneveld, 2004
Glypheidae Winckler, 1882
† Cedrillosia Garassino, Artal & Pasini, 2009
† Glyphea von Meyer, 1835
Laurentaeglyphea Forest, 2006
† Litogaster von Meyer, 1847
Neoglyphea Forest & de Saint Laurent, 1975
† Paralitogaster Glaessner, 1969
† Squamosoglyphea Beurlen, 1930
† Trachysoma Bell, 1858
† Mecochiridae Van Straelen, 1924
† Huhatanka Feldmann & West, 1978
† Jabaloya Garassino, Artal & Pasini, 2009
† Mecochirus Germar, 1827
† Meyeria M'Coy, 1849
† Praeatya Woodward, 1869
† Pseudoglyphea Oppel, 1861
† Selenisca von Meyer, 1847
† Pemphicidae Van Straelen, 1928
† Pemphix Meyer, 1840
† Pseudopemphix Wüst, 1903
† Sinopemphix Li, 1975
† Platychelidae Glaessner, 1969
† Glaessnericaris Garassino & Teruzzi, 1993
† Platychela Glaessner, 1931
† Platypleon Van Straelen, 1936

† Erymoidea Van Straelen, 1924

† Erymidae Van Straelen, 1924
† Clytiella Glaessner, 1931
† Clytiopsis Bill, 1914
† Enoploclytia M'Coy, 1849
† Eryma von Meyer, 1840
† Galicia Garassino & Krobicki, 2002
† Lissocardia von Meyer, 1851
† Palaeastacus Bell, 1850
† Paraclytiopsis Oravec, 1962
† Protoclytiopsis Birshtein, 1958
† Pustulina Quenstedt, 1857
† Stenodactylina Beurlen, 1928


Sammy De Grave; N. Dean Pentcheff; Shane T. Ahyong; et al. (2009). "A classification of living and fossil genera of decapod crustaceans" (PDF). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Suppl. 21: 1–109. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-06.
Heather D. Bracken-Grissom; Shane T. Ahyong; Richard D. Wilkinson; Rodney M. Feldmann; Carrie E. Schweitzer; Jesse W. Breinholt; Matthew Bendall; Ferran Palero; Tin-Yam Chan; Darryl L. Felder; Rafael Robles; Ka-Hou Chu; Ling-Ming Tsang; Dohyup Kim; Joel W. Martin; Keith A. Crandall (July 2014). "The Emergence of Lobsters: Phylogenetic Relationships, Morphological Evolution and Divergence Time Comparisons of an Ancient Group (Decapoda: Achelata, Astacidea, Glypheidea, Polychelida)". Systematic Biology. 63 (4): 457–479. doi:10.1093/sysbio/syu008. PMID 24562813.
Wolfe, Joanna M.; Breinholt, Jesse W.; Crandall, Keith A.; Lemmon, Alan R.; Lemmon, Emily Moriarty; Timm, Laura E.; Siddall, Mark E.; Bracken-Grissom, Heather D. (24 April 2019). "A phylogenomic framework, evolutionary timeline and genomic resources for comparative studies of decapod crustaceans". Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 286 (1901). doi:10.1098/rspb.2019.0079. PMC 6501934. PMID 31014217.


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