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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Araneomorphae
Taxon: Neocribellatae
Series: Entelegynae
Superfamilia: Dictynoidea

Familia: Hahniidae
Genera: AlistraAmaloxenopsAntisteaAsiohahniaAustrohahnia – Calymmaria – Cryphoeca – Cryphoecina – Cybaeolus – Dirksia – Ethobuella – Hahnia – Harmiella – Iberina – Intihuatana – Kapanga – Lizarba – Neoantistea – Neoaviola – Neocryphoeca – Neohahnia – Pacifantistea – Porioides – Rinawa – Scotospilus – Tuberta – Willisus

Hahniidae Bertkau, 1878

Forster, R.R. 1970: The spiders of New Zealand. Part III. Desidae, Dictynidae, Hahniidae, Amaurobioididae, Nicodamidae. Otago Museum bulletin, (3)
Lehtinen, P. T. 1967. Classification of the cribellate spiders and some allied families, with notes on the evolution of the suborder Araneomorpha. Ann. Zool. Fenn. 4: 199–468.
Marusik, Y.M. 2011: A new genus of hahniid spiders from Far East Asia (Araneae: Hahniidae). Zootaxa, 2788: 57–68. Preview
Paquin, P.; Vink, C.J.; Dupérré, N. 2010: Spiders of New Zealand: annotated family key & species list. Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln, New Zealand. ISBN 9780478347050
Zhang, Z.-S.; Li, S.; Zheng, G. 2011: Comb-tailed spiders from Xishuangbanna, Yunnan Province, China (Araneae, Hahniidae). Zootaxa, 2912: 1–27. Preview
Zhang, Z.-S.; Li, S.-Q.; Pham, D.-S. 2013: First description of comb-tailed spiders (Araneae: Hahniidae) from Vietnam. Zootaxa 3613(4): 343–356. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3613.4.2 Reference page.


Platnick, N. I. 2008. The World Spider Catalog, version 9.0. American Museum of Natural History. [1]

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Bodenspinnen
English: dwarf sheet spiders
日本語: ハタケグモ科
한국어: 외줄거미과

Dwarf sheet spiders (Hahniidae) is a family of araneomorph spiders, first described by Philipp Bertkau in 1878.[1] Their bodies are about 2 millimetres (0.079 in) long, and they build extremely delicate webs in the form of a sheet. Unlike many spiders the web does not lead to a retreat. The silk used in these webs is so fine that they are difficult to spot unless they are coated with dew. They greatly favor locations near water or near moss, and are often found in leaf litter and detritus or on the leaves of shrubs and trees.[2]

They are characterized by the arrangement of their six spinnerets in a transverse row. The last segment of the outer spinnerets is quite long and stands out above all the others.[2]

Hahniidae are a worldwide family. The genera of the Northern Hemisphere and Africa tend to differ in their genital structures from those of the Southern Hemisphere. Very few species have been described from southeast Asia, although quite a number seems to be yet undescribed.[2]

The family is named after the type genus Hahnia, which is dedicated to German zoologist Carl Wilhelm Hahn.[1]
Main article: List of Hahniidae species

As of April 2019, the World Spider Catalog accepts the following genera:[3]

Alistra Thorell, 1894 — Oceania, Asia
Amaloxenops Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1958 — Argentina
Antistea Simon, 1898 — North America, Asia
Asiohahnia Ovtchinnikov, 1992 — Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, China
Austrohahnia Mello-Leitão, 1942 — Argentina
Chorizomma Simon, 1872 — Spain, France
Cicurina Menge, 1871 — North America, Asia
Cybaeolus Simon, 1884 — Chile, Argentina
Hahnia C. L. Koch, 1841 — Africa, Asia, North America, Central America, Europe, South America
Hahniharmia Wunderlich, 2004 — Europe
Harmiella Brignoli, 1979 — Brazil
Iberina Simon, 1881 — Asia, Europe
Intihuatana Lehtinen, 1967 — Argentina
Kapanga Forster, 1970 — New Zealand
Lizarba Roth, 1967 — Brazil
Mastigusa Menge, 1854 — France, Hungary
Neoantistea Gertsch, 1934 — North America, Asia, Costa Rica
Neoaviola Butler, 1929 — Australia
Neohahnia Mello-Leitão, 1917 — South America, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Pacifantistea Marusik, 2011 — Russia, Japan
Porioides Forster, 1989 — New Zealand
Rinawa Forster, 1970 — New Zealand
Scotospilus Simon, 1886 — Australia, New Zealand, India

See also

List of Hahniidae species


Bertkau, P. (1878). "Versuch einer natürlichen Anordnung der Spinnen, nebst Bemerkungen zu einzelnen Gattungen". Archiv für Naturgeschichte. 44: 351–410.
Murphy, Frances; Murphy, John (2000). An Introduction to the Spiders of South East Asia. Malaysian Nature Society Kuala Lumpur.
"Family: Hahniidae Bertkau, 1878". World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Retrieved 2019-04-20.


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