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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Lycaenidae
Subfamilia: Polyommatinae
Tribus: Lycaenesthini
Genus: Anthene
Name

Anthene Doubleday, 1847: 27.

Type Species: Papilio larydas Cramer, [1780]: 160, pl.282, fig.H; by selection of Hemming, 1935: 435.
Synonymy

Lycaenesthes Moore, [1866]: 773.
Pseudoliptena Stempffer, 1946: 8.

African species

[After Libert, 2010.]
amarah Species Group

Species (1): A. amarah
chojnackii Species Group

Species (1): A. chojnackii
hodsoni Species Group

Species (2): A. hodsoni – A. usamba
larydas Species Group

Species (3): A. crawshayi – A. larydas – A. suquala
levis Species Group

Species (8): A. akoae – A. eliasi – A. irumu – A. leonina – A. levis – A. mocquerysi – A. preussi – A. vorgasi
ligures Species Group

Species (18): A. afra – A. agumatsa – A. alberta – A. bamptoni – A. butleri – A. congdoni – A. definita – A. hobleyi – A. indefinita – A. lemnos – A. ligures – A. livida – A. montana – A. perspicua – A. sylvanus – A. ukerewensis – A. uzungwae – A. yevui
millari Species Group

Species (7): A. arnoldi – A. cottrelli – A. maesseni – A. merioli – A. millari – A. warrengashi – A. wilsoni
minima Species Group

Species (4): A. gardineri – A. lindae – A. minima – A. rhodesiana
otacilia Species Group

Species (11): A. benadirensis – A. confusa – A. contrastata – A. dulcis – A. kenyensis – A. kikuyu – A. opalina – A. otacilia – A. pitmani – A. robertsi – A. talboti
quadricaudata Species Group

Species (1): A. quadricaudata
rubricinctus Species Group

Species (13): A. anadema – A. ituria – A. jeanneli – A. lasti – A. liodes – A. lunulata – A. mpanda – A. nigropunctata – A. ochreofascia – A. princeps – A. rubricinctus – A. smithii – A. starki
rubrimaculata Species Group

Species (1): A. rubrimaculata
ysobelae Species Group

Species (2): A. pungusei – A. ysobelae
Oriental species

[After Tite, 1966].
A. emolus – A. licates – A. lycaenina – A. lycaenoides – A. lycaenolus – A. paraffinis – A. philo – A. seltuttus – A. villosa
.
References

Bethune-Baker, G. T., 1910. A revision of the African species of the Lycaenesthes group of the Lycaenidae. Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 43: 1–84, pls. 1-13. BHL Reference page.
Cramer, P. 1775–1780. De Uitlandsche Kapellen voorkomende in der drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Afrika en America (etc). Amsterdam, Baalde & Utrecht, Parts 1–3. Pt.1 [1775]: xxx+16, 1–132, pls 1–84; [1776]: 133–156, pls 85–96; Pt.2 [1777]: 1–152, pls 97–192; Pt.3 [1779]: 1–104, pls 193–252; [1780]: 105–176, pls 253–288; Pt.4 [1780]: 1–246, pls 289–400. Reference page.
Doubleday, E. 1847. List of the specimens of lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum, Part 2, London. BHL Reference page.
Hemming, A. F. 1935b. In Carpenter, G. D. H. 1935, Trans. R. ent. Soc. Lond. 83: 313–447. Reference page.
Henning, G. A. & Henning, S. F., 1993. Description of a New Species of Anthene Doubleday (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) from the Transvaal, South Africa. Metamorphosis 4 (4): 156–158. public PDF. Reference page.
Larsen, T.B., 1994. Anthene helpsi sp. nov. A remarkable new lycaenid from Ghana. (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Lambillionea 94 (4): 550–552. Full article: [1]. Reference page.
Larsen, T.B., 2009. Anthene georgiadisi sp. nov. (Lep.: Lycaenidae) – a new butterfly from Liberia. Entomologist's record and journal of variation, 121 (1): 47–51. ISSN: 0013–8916. Reference page. [not seen]
Libert, M., 2010. Révision des Anthene africains (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). ABRI Lambillionea, 1-420. Reference page.
Moore, F. 1865. On the lepidopterous insects of Bengal. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 33(1): 755–823, Pls. XLI–XLIII. Reference page.
Stempffer, H., 1946. Contribution à l’étude des Lycaenidae de la faune éthiopienne. Revue française d’entomologie 13: 8-19. Reference page.
Tennent, W.J., 2001. Twenty new butterflies from the Solomon Islands (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae; Lycaenidae; Nymphalinae; Satyrinae; Danainae). British Journal of Entomology and Natural History 14: 1-27. Reference page.
Tite, G. E., 1966. A revision of the genus Anthene from the Oriental region. Bull. Brit. Mus. nat. Hist. 18: 253-275, 2 pls, 28 text figs. BHL. Reference page.
Ungemach, H., 1932. Contribution a l'étude des lépidoptères d'Abyssinie; Premiere partie, Rhopalocères. Mém. Soc. Sci. nat. phy. Maroc. 32: 1-122, 2 pls., 1 map. Reference page.
Williams, M.C. 2007. Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea. 7th Edn. (April 2007). Downloaded from Afrotropical Butterflies. Reference page.

Vernacular names
中文: 尖角灰蝶屬

Anthene is a genus of butterflies in the family Lycaenidae, commonly called the ciliate blues or hairtails. The genus was erected by Edward Doubleday in 1847.
Subgenera and species

Listed alphabetically within subgenera:[1]

Subgenus Anthene Doubleday, 1847 (Afrotropical realm)
Anthene abruptus (Gaede, 1915)
Anthene afra (Bethune-Baker, 1910)
Anthene alberta (Bethune-Baker, 1910)
Anthene amarah (Guérin-Méneville, 1847) – black-striped hairtail
Anthene arnoldi (N. Jones, 1917)
Anthene arora Larsen, 1983
Anthene atewa Larsen & Collins, 1998
Anthene aurobrunnea (Ungemach, 1932)
Anthene bakeri (H. H. Druce, 1910)
Anthene barnesi Stevenson, 1940
Anthene bipuncta (Joicey & Talbot, 1921)
Anthene bjoernstadi Collins & Larsen, 1991
Anthene buchholzi (Plötz, 1880)
Anthene butleri (Oberthür, 1880) – pale hairtail
Anthene chirinda (Bethune-Baker, 1910)
Anthene collinsi D'Abrera, 1980
Anthene contrastata Ungemach, 1932 – mashuna hairtail
Anthene crawshayi (Butler, 1899)
Anthene definita (Butler, 1899) – common hairtail
Anthene discimacula (Joicey & Talbot, 1921)
Anthene emkopoti Larsen & Collins, 1998
Anthene erythropoecilus (Holland, 1893)
Anthene flavomaculatus (Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1893)
Anthene helpsi Larsen, 1994
Anthene hobleyi (Neave, 1904)
Anthene hodsoni (Talbot, 1935)
Anthene indefinita (Bethune-Baker, 1910)
Anthene irumu (Stempffer, 1948)
Anthene ituria (Bethune-Baker, 1910)
Anthene janna Gabriel, 1949
Anthene juanitae Henning & Henning, 1993 – Juanita's hairtail
Anthene juba (Fabricius, 1787)
Anthene kampala (Bethune-Baker, 1910)
Anthene katera Talbot, 1937
Anthene kersteni (Gerstaecker, 1871) – Kersten's hairtail
Anthene kikuyu (Bethune-Baker, 1910)
Anthene lachares (Hewitson, [1878])
Anthene larydas (Cramer, [1780])
Anthene lasti (Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1894)
Anthene lemnos (Hewitson, 1878) – large hairtail
Anthene leptala (Courvoisier, 1914)
Anthene leptines (Hewitson, 1874)
Anthene levis (Hewitson, 1878)
Anthene ligures (Hewitson, 1874)
Anthene lindae Henning & Henning, 1994 – Linda's hairtail
Anthene liodes (Hewitson, 1874) – liodes hairtail
Anthene locuples (Grose-Smith, 1898)
Anthene lunulata (Trimen, 1894)
Anthene lychnaptes (Holland, 1891)
Anthene lychnides (Hewitson, 1878)
Anthene lysicles (Hewitson, 1874)
Anthene madibirensis (Wichgraf, 1921)
Anthene mahota (Grose-Smith, 1887)
Anthene makala (Bethune-Baker, 1910)
Anthene melambrotus (Holland, 1893)
Anthene millari (Trimen, 1893) – Millar's hairtail
Anthene minima (Trimen, 1893) – little hairtail
Anthene montana Kielland, 1990
Anthene mpanda Kielland, 1990
Anthene ngoko Stempffer, 1962
Anthene nigropunctata (Bethune-Baker, 1910)
Anthene onias (Hulstaert, 1924)
Anthene opalina Stempffer, 1946
Anthene otacilia (Trimen, 1868) – Otacilia hairtail or Trimen's ciliate blue
Anthene pitmani Stempffer, 1936
Anthene princeps (Butler, 1876) – cupreous hairtail
Anthene pyroptera (Aurivillius, 1895)
Anthene radiata (Bethune-Baker, 1910)
Anthene ramnika D'Abrera, 1980
Anthene rhodesiana Stempffer, 1962
Anthene rothschildi (Aurivillius, 1922)
Anthene rubricinctus (Holland, 1891)
Anthene rubrimaculata (Strand, 1909)
Anthene rufomarginata (Bethune-Baker, 1910)
Anthene ruwenzoricus (Grünberg, 1911)
Anthene saddacus (Talbot, 1935)
Anthene schoutedeni (Hulstaert, 1924)
Anthene scintillula (Holland, 1891)
Anthene sheppardi Stevenson, 1940
Anthene starki Larsen, 2005
Anthene suquala (Pagenstecher, 1902)
Anthene sylvanus (Drury, 1773)
Anthene talboti Stempffer, 1936 – Talbot's hairtail
Anthene ukerewensis (Strand, 1909)
Anthene uzungwae Kielland, 1990
Anthene versatilis (Bethune-Baker, 1910)
Anthene wilsoni (Talbot, 1935)
Anthene xanthopoecilus (Holland, 1893)
Anthene zenkeri (Karsch, 1895)
Subgenus Anthene Doubleday, 1847; Australasia-species group (Indomalayan realm, Australasian realm, Himalayan area in the Palearctic realm):
Anthene emolus (Godart, [1824]) – ciliate blue
Anthene licates (Hewitson, 1874)
Anthene lycaenina (R. Felder, 1868) – pointed ciliate blue
Anthene lycaenolus Tite, 1966
Anthene lycaenoides (Felder, 1860)
Anthene paraffinis (Fruhstorfer, 1916)
Anthene philo Hopffer, 1874
Anthene seltuttus (Röber, 1886)
Anthene villosa (Snellen, 1878)
Subgenus Neurellipes Bethune-Baker, 1910 Afrotropical realm
Anthene aequatorialis Stempffer, 1962
Anthene chryseostictus (Bethune-Baker, 1910)
Anthene fulvus Stempffer, 1962
Anthene gemmifera (Neave, 1910)
Anthene likouala Stempffer, 1962
Anthene lusones (Hewitson, 1874)
Anthene staudingeri (Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1894)
Subgenus Neurypexina Bethune-Baker, 1910 Afrotropical realm
Anthene kalinzu (Stempffer, 1950)
Anthene lamprocles (Hewitson, 1878)
Anthene lyzanius (Hewitson, 1874)
Anthene quadricaudata (Bethune-Baker, 1926)
Subgenus Triclema Karsch, 1893 Afrotropical realm
Anthene africana (Bethune-Baker, 1926)
Anthene coerulea (Aurivillius, 1895)
Anthene fasciatus (Aurivillius, 1895)
Anthene hades (Bethune-Baker, 1910)
Anthene inconspicua (H. H. Druce, 1910)
Anthene inferna (Bethune-Baker, 1926)
Anthene kamilila (Bethune-Baker, 1910)
Anthene kimboza (Kielland, 1990)
Anthene krokosua (Larsen, 2005)
Anthene lacides (Hewitson, 1874)
Anthene lamias (Hewitson, 1878)
Anthene lucretilis (Hewitson, 1874)
Anthene lutzi (Holland, 1920)
Anthene marshalli (Bethune-Baker, 1903)
Anthene nigeriae (Aurivillius, 1905)
Anthene obscura (H. H. Druce, 1910)
Anthene oculatus (Grose-Smith & Kirby, 1893)
Anthene phoenicis (Karsch, 1893)
Anthene rufoplagata (Bethune-Baker, 1910)
Anthene tisamenus (Holland, 1891)
Subgenus unknown
Anthene georgiadisi Larsen, 2009

References

Savela, Markku. "Anthene Doubleday, 1847". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved September 29, 2019.

Cramer, P. (1775-1780). De Uitlandsche Kapellen ... Asia, Africa en America ... Amsterdam, Baalde & Utrecht, 4 vols.
Doubleday, E. (1847). List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum 2: [ii], 57 pp. London.
Hemming, A. F. (1935). In Carpenter (1935). Trans. R. ent. Soc. Lond. 83: 313-447.
Henning, G.A. & Henning, S.F. (1993). Description of a new species of Anthene Doubleday (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) from the Transvaal, South Africa. Metamorphosis 4(4): 156-158.
Larsen, T.B. (2009). Anthene georgiadisi sp. nov. (Lep.: Lycaenidae) – a new butterfly from Liberia. Entomologist's record and journal of variation, 121 (1): 47-51. ISSN 0013-8916
Moore, F. (1866). On the lepidopterous insects of Bengal. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 1865: 755-823, 3 pls.
Stempffer, H. (1946). Contribution a l'etude des Lycaenidae de la faune ethiopienne. Revue fr. Ent. 13: 8-19.
Tennent, W.J. (2001). Twenty new butterflies from the Solomon Islands (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae; Lycaenidae; Nymphalinae; Satyrinae; Danainae). British Journal of Entomology and Natural History 14: 1-27.
Tite, G. E. (1966). A revision of the genus Anthene from the Oriental region. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) 18: 253-275, 2 pls, 28 text figs.
Ungemach, H. (1932). Contribution a l'étude des lépidoptères d'Abyssinie. Mém. Soc. Sci. nat. phy. Maroc. 32: 1-122, 2 pls., 1 map.
Williams, M. C. (2008). Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea. 7th Edn. (April 2007). Downloaded from [1] Afrotropical Butterflies.

External links
Takanami, Yusuke & Seki, Yasuo (2001). "Genus: Anthene". A Synonymic List of Lycaenidae from the Philippines. Archived June 30, 2001. With images.
"Taxonomy Browser: Anthene". Barcode of Life Data System (BOLD). Retrieved January 10, 2020.

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