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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Cladus: Macroheterocera
Superfamilia: Noctuoidea

Familia: Erebidae
Subfamilia: Herminiinae
Genus: Zanclognatha
Species: Z. adda – Z. atrilineella – Z. bryanti – Z. cruralis – Z. curvilinea – Z. dentata – Z. jacchusalis – Z. laevigata – Z. lituralis – Z. lunalis – Z. lutalba – Z. malhama – Z. marcidilinea – Z. martha – Z. minoralis – Z. nakatomii – Z. nigrisigna – Z. nigrobasalis – Z. obscuripennis – Z. ochreipennis – Z. pedipilalis – Z. protumnusalis – Z. sugii – Z. tarsipennalis – Z. theralis – Z. yaeyamalis – Z. yakushimalis – Z. zelleralis

Zanclognatha Lederer, 1857
Primary references

Lederer 1857: Die Noctuinen Europ., 211.


Hacker, H.H., Hoppe, H., Lehmann, L. & Stadie, D. 2011. Neue Noctuidae-Arten aus Südarabien und Ostafrika (Lepidoptera). Esperiana Buchreihe zur Entomologie 16: 233–253. Reference page.
Lafontaine, J.D. & Schmidt, B.C. 2010. Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico. Zookeys 40: 1–239. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.40.414 Reference page.
Lafontaine, J.D. & Schmidt, B.C. 2013. Additions and corrections to the check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico. ZooKeys 264: 227–236. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.264.4443 Reference page.
Owada, M., 1977: Taxonomic studies on Zanclognatha yakushimalis Sugi and its allied species from Japan and Taiwan, with descriptions of two new species (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Tinea 10 (11): 103–117.
Owada, M. 1992: Synonymic notes of the herminiine moths (Noctuidae) of Japan, with descriptions of three new species. Tinea 13(18): 183–203. Reference page.
Wagner, D.L.; McCabe, T.L. 2011: A new Zanclognatha from eastern North America and a preliminary key to the larvae of the genus (Lepidoptera, Erebidae, Herminiinae). ZooKeys 149: 89-101. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.149.2348 Reference page.
Yamamoto, Y. & S. Shugi, 1955: Early stages of two Herminiine moths on moss, including a new species (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Tinea 2 (1/2): 109–113.

Vernacular names
English: Pine Barrens

Zanclognatha is a genus of litter moths of the family Erebidae. The genus was erected by Julius Lederer in 1857.[2][3]


Zanclognatha was treated as a synonym of Polypogon by Robert W. Poole (1989).[4] It was split from Polypogon in 1991[5] and reinstated as a valid genus in 1996.[6] A 1998 European checklist has both Zanclognatha and Polypogon as valid genera,[7] and Lafontaine and Troubridge (2005) recommend retaining Zanclognatha as a separate genus.[8]

It is not clear how many valid species are part of the genus; some species are likely made up of at least two valid species-level taxa that have yet to be officially split, and there are some familiar taxa that have not yet been described to science. Adult Zanclognatha species are often difficult to tell apart; wing patterns and genital morphology, two characters often used to distinguish moth species, are not necessarily useful for classifying them. The larvae are more distinctive and may be more helpful in future studies of the genus.[9]

Zanclognatha angulina (Leech, 1900)
Zanclognatha atrilineella (Grote, 1873)
Zanclognatha bryanti Barnes, 1928
Zanclognatha cruralis (Guenée, 1854) - early zanclognatha moth
Zanclognatha dentata Wagner & McCabe, 2011[9] - Coastal Plain zanclognatha moth
Zanclognatha helva (Butler, 1879)
Zanclognatha inspidalis (Wileman, 1915)
Zanclognatha jacchusalis (Walker, 1859) - wavy-lined zanclognatha moth
Zanclognatha laevigata (Grote, 1872) - variable zanclognatha moth
Zanclognatha lituralis (Hübner, 1818) - lettered zanclognatha moth
Zanclognatha lunalis (Scopoli, 1763) - jubilee fan-foot
Zanclognatha marcidilinea (Walker, 1859) - yellowish zanclognatha moth
Zanclognatha martha Barnes, 1928 - pine barrens zanclognatha moth, Martha's zanclognatha moth
Zanclognatha minoralis J. B. Smith, 1895
Zanclognatha nakatomii Owada, 1977
Zanclognatha nigrisigna (Wileman, 1915)
Zanclognatha obscuripennis (Grote, 1872) - dark zanclognatha moth
Zanclognatha pedipilalis (Guenée, 1854) - grayish zanclognatha moth
Zanclognatha protumnusalis (Walker, 1859) - conifer zanclognatha moth
Zanclognatha reticulatis (Leech, 1900)
Zanclognatha subtriplex Strand, 1919
Zanclognatha tarsipennalis (Treitschke, 1835)
Zanclognatha theralis (Walker, 1859) (syn. Z. deceptricalis Zeller, 1873, Z. gypsalis (Grote, 1880), Z. inconspicualis (Grote, 1883))
Zanclognatha yaeyamalis Owada, 1977
Zanclognatha zelleralis (Wocke, 1850)


Savela, Markku, ed. (25 July 2019). "Zanclognatha Lederer, 1857". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
Lafontaine, Donald; Schmidt, Christian (19 March 2010). "Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico". ZooKeys (40): 26. doi:10.3897/zookeys.40.414. Archived from the original on 2017-08-29. Retrieved 2018-01-15.
Zahiri, Reza; et al. (2011). "Molecular phylogenetics of Erebidae (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea)". Systematic Entomology. 37: 102–124. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2011.00607.x.
Poole, R. W. (1989). Lepidopterorum Catalogus (New Series). Fascicle 118, Noctuidae. CRC Press. ISBN 978-0-916846-45-9.
Fibiger, M. & Hacker, H. (1991). "Systematic list of the Noctuidae of Europe". Esperiana. 2: 1–109.
Poole, R. W. (1996). Nomina Insecta Nearctica: A Checklist of the Insects of North America. Volume 3: Diptera, Lepidoptera, Siphonaptera. E.I.S., Rockville, MD. 1143 pp.
Nowacki, J. & Fibiger, M. (1998). "Noctuidae". pp. 251-93. In: Karsholt, O. and J. Razowski. The Lepidoptera of Europe: A Distributional Checklist. 380 pp. Stenstrup: Apollo Books.
Lafontaine, D. & Troubridge, J. (2005). "Taxonomic notes on North American Noctuidae 2: The Polypogon group of genera".
Wagner, D. L. & McCabe, T. L. (2011). "A new Zanclognatha from eastern North America and a preliminary key to the larvae of the genus (Lepidoptera, Erebidae, Herminiinae)". ZooKeys. (149), 89.

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