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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Ordo: Gruiformes

Familia: Rallidae
Genus: Amaurornis
Species: A. flavirostra ― Amaurornis isabellina ― A. magnirostris ―Amaurornis moluccana ― Amaurornis olivacea ― Amaurornis phoenicurus.


Amaurornis Reichenbach, 1853


* Reichenbach 1853. Handbuch der speciellen Ornithologie lfr.3DieVogel p.XXI ? rel Av.Syst.Nat. p.xxi

Amaurornis is a genus of birds in the rail family Rallidae. The species in this genus are typically called bush-hens. A monotypic subtribe, Amaurornithina, was proposed for this genus.[1]

The genus Amaurornis was erected by the German naturalist Ludwig Reichenbach in 1853 with the plain bush-hen (Amaurornis olivacea) as the type species.[2] The name comes from the Greek amauros, meaning "dusky" or "brown" and ornis, meaning "bird".[3]

The New Guinea flightless rail was sometimes included in this genus, but more often held to constitute a distinct monotypic genus Megacrex. The first cladistic studies of rails, based on morphology, strongly suggested that Amaurornis as traditionally defined is not monophyletic, and that several species placed here are in fact closer to the small crakes traditionally placed in Porzana. This was subsequently confirmed by molecular data. However, these smallish species are probably not close to the large members of Porzana either, and would warrant re-establishment of the old genus Zapornia.[1][4]


The genus contains the species:[5]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Amaurornis phoenicurus - Singapore Botanic Gardens.jpg Amaurornis phoenicurus White-breasted waterhen tropical Asia from Pakistan east to Indonesia
Plain Bush-hen.jpg Amaurornis olivacea Plain bush-hen or Philippine bush-hen Philippines
Amaurornis magnirostris Talaud bush-hen Talaud Islands, Indonesia
Amaurornis isabellinus(1).jpg Amaurornis isabellina Isabelline bush-hen Sulawesi
Bush-hen LaceysCk apr08.JPG Amaurornis moluccana Pale-vented bush-hen, rufous-tailed bush-hen or rufous-tailed waterhen Australia, the Moluccan Islands, New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago and the Solomon Islands


Livezey, B.C. (1998). "A phylogenetic analysis of the Gruiformes (Aves) based on morphological characters, with an emphasis on the rails (Rallidae)". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 353 (1378): 2077–2151. doi:10.1098/rstb.1998.0353. PMC 1692427.
Reichenbach, Ludwig (1853). Handbuch der speciellen Ornithologie (in German). Dresden and Leipzig: Expedition Vollständigsten Naturgeschichte. p. xxi.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London, UK: Christopher Helm. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
García-R, J.C.; Gibb, G.C.; Trewick, S.A. (2014). "Deep global evolutionary radiation in birds: Diversification and trait evolution in the cosmopolitan bird family Rallidae". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 81: 96–108. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2014.09.008.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2019). "Flufftails, finfoots, rails, trumpeters, cranes, limpkin". World Bird List Version 9.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 8 July 2019.

Amaurornis Reichenbach, 1853

Reichenbach 1853. Handbuch der speciellen Ornithologie lfr.3DieVogel p.XXI ? rel Av.Syst.Nat. p.xxi

Vernacular names
suomi: Suokanat

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