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Falco tinnunculus

Falco tinnunculus (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Falconiformes
Familia: Falconidae
Subfamilia: Falconinae
Tribus: Falconini
Genus: Falco
Species: Falco tinnunculus
Subspecies: F. t. alexandri - F. t. archerii - F. t. canariensis - F. t. dacotiae - F. t. interstinctus - F. t. neglectus - F. t. objurgatus - F. t. perpallidus - F. t. rufescens - F. t. rupicolaeformis - F. t. rupicolus - F. t. tinnunculus


Falco tinnunculus Linnaeus, 1758


Systema Naturae ed.10 p.90

Vernacular names
Български: Керкенез
Česky: Poštolka obecná
Cymraeg: Cudyll Coch
Dansk: Tårnfalk
Deutsch: Turmfalke
Ελληνικά : Βραχοκιρκίνεζο
English: Common Kestrel
Esperanto: Turfalko
Español: Cernícalo
Français: Faucon Crécerelle
Frysk: Reade Wikel
עברית: בז מצוי
Italiano: Gheppio
日本語: チョウゲンボウ
한국어: 황조롱이
Lietuvių: Pelėsakalis
Nederlands: Torenvalk
‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Tårnfalk
Polski: Pustułka
Português: Peneireiro comum
Русский: Пустельга обыкновенная
Slovenčina: Sokol myšiar
Slovenščina: Navadna postovka
Suomi: Tuulihaukka
Svenska: Tornfalk
Türkçe: Bayağı kerkenez
Vèneto: Falcheto

The Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) is a bird of prey species belonging to the kestrel group of the falcon family Falconidae. It is also known as the European Kestrel, Eurasian Kestrel, or Old World Kestrel. In Britain, where no other brown falcon occurs, it is generally just called "the kestrel".[1]

This species occurs over a large range. It is widespread in Europe, Asia, and Africa, as well as occasionally reaching the east coast of North America . But although it has colonized a few oceanic islands, vagrant individuals are generally rare; in the whole of Micronesia for example, the species was only recorded twice each on Guam and Saipan in the Marianas.[2]

Typical in-flight appearance of a Common Kestrel

Common Kestrels measure 32–39 cm (13–15 in) from head to tail, with a wingspan of 65–82 cm (26–32 in). Females are noticeably larger, with the adult male weighing 136-252 g (c,5-9 oz), around 155 g (around 5.5 oz) on average; the adult female weighs 154-314 g (about 5.5-11 oz), around 184 g (around 6.5 oz) on average. They are thus small compared with other birds of prey, but larger than most songbirds. Like the other Falco species, they have long wings as well as a distinctive long tail.[3]

Their plumage is mainly light chestnut brown with blackish spots on the upperside and buff with narrow blackish streaks on the underside; the remiges are also blackish. Unlike most raptors, they display sexual colour dimorphism with the male having less black spots and streaks, as well as a blue-grey cap and tail. The tail is brown with black bars in females, and has a black tip with a narrow white rim in both sexes. All Common Kestrels have a prominent black malar stripe like their closest relatives.[3]

The cere feet, and a narrow ring around the eye are bright yellow; the toenails, bill and iris are dark. Juveniles look like adult females, but the underside streaks are wider; the yellow of their bare parts is paler. Hatchlings are covered in white down feathers, changing to a buff-grey second down coat before they grow their first true plumage.[3]

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License