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Picoides albolarvatus

Picoides albolarvatus

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Piciformes
Familia: Picidae
Subfamilia: Picinae
Genus: Picoides
Species: Picoides albolarvatus
Subspecies: P. a. albolarvatus - P. a. gravirostris


Picoides albolarvatus (Cassin, 1850)


Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 5 p.106

Vernacular names
English: White-headed Woodpecker
Français: Pic à tête blanche
Nederlands: Witkopspecht
日本語: シロガシラキツツキ
Suomi: Valkopäätikka

The White-headed Woodpecker (Picoides albolarvatus) is a non-migratory woodpecker that resides in pine forests of the mountains of western North America. It has a black body (approximately 20 cm long) and white head. It has white primary feathers that form a crescent in flight. Males have a red spot at the nape of the neck.

The range of the White-headed Woodpecker stretches in the mountains from British Columbia through southern California. They form nests in dead trees or snags and reproduce once per year.

Most of the range is occupied by the nominate subspecies. P. a. gravirostris, which has a longer bill - especially in males - and tail, is only found on mountaintops of the southernmost part of the species' range, from the San Gabriel Mountains to San Diego County. Mount Pinos birds are somewhat intermediate. mtDNA cytochrome b and ATP synthase subunit 6 sequence data confirms this arrangement and also suggests that the Mount Pinos birds are closer to P. a. gravirostris (Alexander & Burns, 2006). Apparently, the larger bill of the southern subspecies is an adaptation for being better able to feed on the large, spiny cones of Coulter Pines (Pinus coulteri).


* Alexander, Matthew P. & Burns, Kevin J. (2006): Intraspecific Phylogeography and Adaptive Divergence in the White-headed Woodpecker. Condor 108(3): 489–508. DOI: 10.1650/0010-5422(2006)108[489:IPAADI]2.0.CO;2 HTML abstract

1. ^ BirdLife International (2004). Picoides albolarvatus. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 06 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License