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Psaltria exilis

Psaltria exilis (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Parvordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Sylvioidea
Familia: Aegithalidae
Genus: Psaltria
Species: Psaltria exilis


Psaltria exilis Temminck, 1836

Vernacular names


Nouveau recueil de planches coloriées d'oiseaux livr.101 pl.600 fig.4

The Pygmy Tit (Psaltria exilis) is a species of bird in the long-tailed tit family Aegithalidae. It is monotypic within the genus Psaltria. The species was once placed, along with the rest of its family, with the true tits, Paridae. Its relationship with other species in ist family is uncertain, but is still placed within the family due to similarities in behaviour and vocalisations.[1]

It is endemic to Indonesia, where it occurs only on the island of Java. On Java it is restricted to montane forests and plantations above 1,000 m (3,300 ft) (occasionally down to 830 m (2,720 ft)) in the west of the island. It frequents conifer forest and other open forest types, and is often encountered on the forest edge.[1]

The Pygmy Tit is the smallest member of its family, and the smallest species of bird on Java. It is 8.5–8.7 cm (3.3–3.4 in) in length.


1. ^ a b Harrap, Simon (2008), "Family Aegithalidae (Long-tailed Tits)", in del Hoyo, Josep; Elliott, Andrew; Christie, David, Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 13, Penduline-tits to Shrikes, Barcelona: Lynx Edicions, pp. 76–101, ISBN 978-84-96553-45-3

* BirdLife International 2004. Psaltria exilis. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 27 July 2007.

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