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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Subordo: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Cladus: Telluraves
Cladus: Australaves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea

Familia: Thraupidae
Genus: Ramphocelus
Species: R. bresilia – R. carboR. dimidiatusR. flammigerus R. icteronotusR. melanogasterR. nigrogularisR. passerinii R. sanguinolentus


Ramphocelus Desmarest, 1805

Typus: Tanagra bresilia Linnaeus, 1766 = Ramphocelus bresilia


Ramphopis Vieillot, 1816 Analyse p.32
Rhamphopis (emend.)
Jacapa Blyth, 1840
Phlogothraupis P.L. Sclater & Salvin, 1873 Nomen.Av.Neotrop. p.21, p.155
Ramphocoelus (emend.)
Rhamphocelus (emend.)
Rhamphocoelus (emend.)

Primary references

Desmarest, A.G. 1805. Histoire Naturelle des Tangaras, des Manakins et des Todiers. Imprimerie de H. Perronneaeu. Paris. BHL DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.119558 Reference page. livr.1 p.1 text BHL pl.28 BHL

Additional references

Freeman, B.G. & Montgomery, G.A. 2017. Using song playback experiments to measure species recognition between geographically isolated populations: a comparison with acoustic trait analyses. The Auk 134: 857-870. DOI: 10.1642/AUK-17-63.1 PDFReference page.

Vernacular names
suomi: Hopeanokkatangarat
русский: Расписные танагры

Ramphocelus is a Neotropical genus of birds of the tanager family. They have enlarged shiny whitish or bluish-grey lower mandibles, which are pointed upwards in display. However, this is greatly reduced in the females of most species. Males are black and red, orange or yellow, while females resemble a duller version of the males, or are brownish or greyish combined with dull red, orange or yellowish.

Ramphocelus tanagers are found in semi-open areas. The nest is a cup built by the female of plant materials such as moss, rootlets, and strips of large leaves like banana or Heliconia, and is often in a fairly open site in a tree. The female usually lays pale blue eggs, with grey, brown or lavender spots, and the young stay in the nest for only about 12 days.

The songs of this genus are repetitions of rich one- or two-syllable whistles.

Ramphocelus tanagers hunt at forest edges or in second growth, taking insects in flight or picking them from leaves.

The genus Ramphocelus was introduced by the French zoologist Anselme Gaëtan Desmarest in 1805.[1] The name combines the Ancient Greek words rhamphos "bill" and koilos "concave".[2] The type species was designated as the Brazilian tanager by the English zoologist George Robert Gray in 1855.[3][4]

The other species form two superspecies. One includes crimson-backed, Huallaga, silver-beaked and Brazilian tanagers, and the other comprises Passerini's, Cherrie's and flame-rumped tanagers.

The subspecies icteronotus of the flame-rumped tanager is sometimes considered a separate species, and the lemon-rumped tanager, R. icteronotus, and Passerini's and Cherrie's tanager were formerly lumped as scarlet-rumped tanager, R. passerinii (a treatment some authorities still prefer).
Species in taxonomic order

The genus contains nine species:[5]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Ramphocelus sanguinolentus.jpg Ramphocelus sanguinolentus Crimson-collared tanager southern Veracruz and northern Oaxaca in Mexico through the Atlantic slope of Central America,western Panama
Masked Crimson Tanager - Manu NP - Perù 8953 (22856151717).jpg Ramphocelus nigrogularis Masked crimson tanager Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru
Crimson-backed Tanager - Panama H8O8413 (22954596730).jpg Ramphocelus dimidiatus Crimson-backed tanager Colombia, Panama, and Venezuela, and introduced to French Polynesia
Ramphocelus melanogaster - Black-bellied Tanager 2.jpg Ramphocelus melanogaster Huallaga tanager Peru
Ramphocelus carbo -Piraju, Sao Paulo, Brazil -male-8.jpg Ramphocelus carbo Silver-beaked tanager South America from eastern Colombia and Venezuela south to Paraguay and central Brazil, Perú and on Trinidad
Ramphocelus bresilius03.jpg Ramphocelus bresilius Brazilian tanager eastern Brazil and far northeastern Argentina
Passerini's Tanager - Sarapiqui - Costa Rica S4E0838 (26712310255).jpg Ramphocelus passerinii Scarlet-rumped tanager Caribbean lowlands from southern Mexico to western Panama
Flame-rumped Tanager - Colombia S4E8786 (22621894474).jpg Ramphocelus flammigerus Flame-rumped tanager Tumbes-Chocó-Magdalena in Panama, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru
Lemon-rumped Tanager - Panama H8O0413 (22623317413).jpg Ramphocelus icteronotus Lemon-rumped tanager Panama to Ecuador


Desmarest, Anselme Gaëtan (1805). Histoire naturelle des Tangaras, des Manakins et des Todiers (in French). Paris: Imprimarie de H. Perronneau. Plate 28 text.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 330. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Gray, George Robert (1855). Catalogue of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds Contained in the British Museum. London: British Museum. p. 148.
Paynter, Raymond A. Jr, ed. (1970). Check-List of Birds of the World. Vol. 13. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 310.

Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Tanagers and allies". World Bird List Version 8.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 2 April 2018.

ffrench, Richard (1991). A Guide to the Birds of Trinidad and Tobago (2nd ed.). Comstock Publishing. ISBN 0-8014-9792-2.
Hilty, Birds of Venezuela, ISBN 0-7136-6418-5
Morton, Isler & Isler, Tanagers ISBN 0-7136-5116-4
Stiles and Skutch, A guide to the birds of Costa Rica ISBN 0-8014-9600-4
Steve N. G. Howell and Sophie Webb (1995). A Guide to the Birds of Mexico and Northern Central America. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-854012-4.
S. J. Hackett (1996). "Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of tanagers in the genus Ramphocelus (Aves)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 5 (2): 368–382. doi:10.1006/mpev.1996.0032. PMID 8728395.

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