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Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Ordo: Primates
Subordo: Haplorrhini
Infraordo: Simiiformes
Parvordo: Catarrhini
Superfamilia: Hominoidea
Familia: Hylobatidae
Genus: Hylobates
Species: H. agilis - H. klossii - H. lar - H. moloch - H. muelleri - H. pileatus


Hylobates, Illiger, 1811

Type species: Homo lar Linnaeus, 1771


* Brachiopithecus Sénéchal, 1839 [in part]
* Brachitanytes Schultz, 1932
* Cheiron Burnett, 1829
* Gibbon Zimmermann, 1777 [Rejected by Int. Comm. Zool. Nomencl. (1954), Opinion 257]
* Laratus Gray, 1821
* Methylobates Ameghino, 1882 [in part]

Vernacular names
Galego: Xibón


* Hylobates on Mammal Species of the World.
Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2 Volume Set edited by Don E. Wilson, DeeAnn M. ReederMammals Images

The genus Hylobates (pronounced /ˌhaɪlɵˈbeɪtiːz/) is one of the four genera of gibbons. It was once considered the only genus, but recently its subgenera (Hoolock [formerly Bunopithecus], Nomascus, and Symphalangus) have been elevated to the genus level.[1][3] Hylobates remains the most speciose and widespread of gibbon genera, ranging from southern China (Yunnan) to western and central Java. Individuals within this genus are characterized by 44 chromosomes and often have a ring of white fur around their faces.[2]


* Family Hylobatidae: gibbons[1][2]
o Genus Hylobates
+ Lar gibbon or white-handed gibbon, Hylobates lar
# Malaysian lar gibbon, Hylobates lar lar
# Carpenter's lar gibbon, Hylobates lar carpenteri
# Central lar gibbon, Hylobates lar entelloides
# Sumatran lar gibbon, Hylobates lar vestitus
# Yunnan lar gibbon, Hylobates lar yunnanensis
+ Bornean white-bearded gibbon, Hylobates albibarbis
+ Agile gibbon or black-handed gibbon, Hylobates agilis
+ Müller's Bornean gibbon, Hylobates muelleri
# Müller's gray gibbon, Hylobates muelleri muelleri
# Abbott's gray gibbon, Hylobates muelleri abbotti
# Northern gray gibbon, Hylobates muelleri funereus
+ Silvery gibbon, Hylobates moloch
# Western silvery gibbon or western Javan gibbon, Hylobates moloch moloch
# Eastern silvery gibbon or central Javan gibbon, Hylobates moloch pongoalsoni
+ Pileated gibbon or capped gibbon, Hylobates pileatus
+ Kloss's gibbon or Mentawai gibbon or bilou, Hylobates klossii
o Genus Hoolock
o Genus Symphalangus
o Genus Nomascus


Hybrids between Müller's Bornean gibbon (Hylobates muelleri) and the agile gibbon (Hylobates agilis) have been reported in areas of Borneo.[4]


1. ^ a b c Groves, C. (2005). "Genus Hylobates". In Wilson, D. E., & Reeder, D. M, eds. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 178–181. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/browse.asp?id=12100757.
2. ^ a b c Geissmann, Thomas. "Gibbon Systematics and Species Identification". http://gibbons.de/main/system/intro.html. Retrieved 2006-04-13.
3. ^ Mootnick, A.; Groves, C. P. (2005). "A new generic name for the hoolock gibbon (Hylobatidae)". International Journal of Primatology 26 (26): 971–976. doi:10.1007/s10764-005-5332-4.
4. ^ Payne, J. and Francis, C. (2005). A Field Guide to the Mammals of Borneo. Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia: Sabah Society. p. 230. ISBN 967-99947-1-6.

Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License