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Litocranius walleri

Litocranius walleri (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Superordo: Cetartiodactyla
Ordo: Artiodactyla
Subordo: Ruminantia
Familia: Bovidae
Subfamilia: Antilopinae
Genus: Litocranius
Species: Litocranius walleri


* Litocranius walleri on Mammal Species of the World.
* Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2 Volume Set edited by Don E. Wilson, DeeAnn M. Reeder


Litocranius walleri (Brooke, 1878)

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Giraffengazelle
English: Gerenuk
Français: Gazelle_de_Waller
한국어: 게레눅
Lietuvių: Žirafinė_gazelė
Nederlands: Gerenoek
日本語: ジェレヌク
Polski: Gerenuk
Português: Gazela-girafa
Suomi: Gerenukki
中文: 長頸羚


The Gerenuk (Litocranius walleri), also known as the Waller's Gazelle, is a long-necked species of antelope found in dry bushy scrub and steppe in East Africa. The word Gerenuk comes from the Somali language, meaning “giraffe-necked”, and leads to another common name, the Giraffe-necked Antelope. It is the only member of the genus Litocranius.

Gerenuks have a small head for their body, but their eyes and ears are big. Unlike females, males have horns and a more muscular neck. They are brown on their back, and lighter underneath. They have short, black tails. From head to tail, the gerenuk is around 150 cm long. Males are a little taller than females, ranging from 89-105 cm, and the females are 80-100 cm. The male is also heavier than the female, weighing at 45 kg, and females are 30 kg.
Gerenuks eat food from higher places than most other gazelles and antelopes. They do this by standing up on their hind legs, and stretching out their long necks to get food off of tall bushes or small trees. Most of their diet is made up of tender leaves and shoots of prickly bushes and trees, but also includes buds, flowers, fruit, and climbing plants. Gerenuks do not need to drink, because they get enough water from the plants they eat. Because of this, they can survive in their dry habitat.

They can mate during any time of the year. Females reach sexual maturity at one year, and males reach sexual maturity at 1.5 years. The gestation period is about seven months. They are born one at a time, weighing about 3 kg at birth. Their life span is about eight years in the wild, but they can live thirteen years or more in captivity.[2]


* Southern Gerenuk Litocranius walleri walleri
* Northern Gerenuk Litocranius walleri sclateri


1. ^ IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group (2008). Litocranius walleri. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 29 March 2009. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of near threatened.
2. ^ Leo, Matt. "Gerenuk". WhoZoo, information about animals at the Fort Worth Zoo. http://whozoo.org/Intro98/mattleo/mattleo.htm. Retrieved 2007-04-09.

* Sanderson, Ivan T. (1970). Knaurs Tierreich in Farben: Säugetiere. Deutscher Bücherbund.
* National Geographic Book of Mammals. National Geographic Society. 1981.
* Dr. Burton, Maurice, and Burton Robert (1969-1970). Funk & Wagnall's Encyclopedia 7. B.P.C. Publishing Ltd..
* Homepage of the IUCN/SSC/Antelope specialist regional subgroup for Northeast Africa
* Gerenuk. African Wildlife Foundation.

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Source: Wikispecies, Wikipedia: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License