Fine Art

Cerastes gasperettii (*)

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Viperoidea

Familia: Viperidae
Subfamilia: Viperinae
Genus: Cerastes
Species:Cerastes gasperettii
Subspecies: C. g. gasperettii – C. g. mendelssohni

Cerastes gasperettii Leviton & Anderson, 1967
Vernacular names
English: Arabian Horned Viper
中文: 阿拉伯角蝰

Common names: Arabian horned viper, desert horned viper,[3] Middle Eastern horned viper.[4]

Cerastes gasperettii, commonly known as the Arabian horned viper, is a venomous viper species found especially in the Arabian Peninsula[2] and north to Israel, Iraq, and Iran. It is very similar in appearance to C. cerastes, but the geographic ranges of these two species do not overlap.[5] No subspecies of C. gasperettii are recognized.[6]

The specific name, gasperettii, is in honor of John Gasperetti, an American surveyor, engineer, and herpetologist, who collected the holotype specimen.[7][8]

The average total length (including tail) of C. gasperettii is 30–60 cm (12–24 in), with a maximum total length of 85 cm (33 in). Females are usually larger than males.[3] The diet of C. gasperettii is thought to primarily consist of rodents, with insects, particularly beetles, and lizards making up a less significant component of their diets.[9]
Geographic range

In the Arabian Peninsula C. gasperettii has been found in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. It is found in the Arava valley, located on the border between southern Israel and Jordan, eastwards through Jordan and Iraq to Khuzestan Province in southwestern Iran.[1]

The type locality given is "Beda Azan [23°41'N., 53°28'E.], Abu Dhabi [Abū Zaby]" [United Arab Emirates].[2]

Egan, D.M.; Amr, Z.S.S.; Al Johany, A.M.H.; Els, J.; Papenfuss, T.; Nilson, G.; Sadek, R.; Disi, A.M.; Hraoui-Bloquet, S.; Werner, Y.L.; Anderson, S. (2012). "Cerastes gasperettii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012: e.T164599A1060588. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012.RLTS.T164599A1060588.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T (1999). Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
Mallow D, Ludwig D, Nilson G (2003). True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Malabar, Florida: Krieger Publishing Company. 359 pp. ISBN 0-89464-877-2.
Mehrtens JM (1987). Living Snakes of the World in Color. New York: Sterling Publishers. 480 pp. ISBN 0-8069-6460-X.
Spawls S, Branch B (1995) The Dangerous Snakes of Africa. Dubai: Ralph Curtis Books. Oriental Press. 192 pp. ISBN 0-88359-029-8.
"Cerastes gasperettii ". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 30 July 2006.
Werner YL (2002). "Middle Eastern herpetology loses John Gasperetti, 1920-2001". Zoology in the Middle East 27: 5-6.
Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Cerastes gasperettii, pp. 98-99).

Al-Sadoon, Mohammad K.; Paray, Bilal Ahmad (20 October 2015). "Ecological aspects of the horned viper, Cerastes cerastes gasperettii in the central region of Saudi Arabia". Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences. 23 (1): 135–138. doi:10.1016/j.sjbs.2015.10.010. ISSN 1319-562X. PMC 4705254. PMID 26858550.

Further reading

Farag AA, Banaja A (1980). "Amphibians and Reptiles from the western region of Saudi Arabia". Bull. Fac. Sci. King Aziz Univ., Riyad 4: 5-29.
Joger U (1984). The Venomous Snakes of the Near and Middle East. Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag. 175 pp. ISBN 3-88226-199-4.
Leviton AE, Anderson SC (1967). "Survey of the reptiles of the Sheikdom of Abu Dhabi, Arabian Peninsula. Part II. Systematic account of the collection of reptiles made in the Sheikdom of Abu Dhabi by John Gasperetti". Proc. California Acad. Sci., Fourth Series 35: 157-192, 12 figures, 8 tables. (Cerastes cerastes gasperettii, new subspecies, pp. 183–186, Figure 12, Table 5).
Werner YL, Le Verdier A, Rosenman D, Sivan N (1991). "Systematics and zoogeography of Cerastes (Ophidia: Viperidae) in the Levant: 1. Distinguishing Arabian from African “Cerastes cerastes” ". The Snake 23: 90-100.


Biology Encyclopedia

Reptiles Images

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World