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Cuora zhoui

Cuora zhoui (*)

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Cladus: Archelosauria
Division: Pan-Testudines
Division: Testudinata
Ordo: Testudines
Subordo: Cryptodira
Superfamilia: Testudinoidea

Familia: Geoemydidae
Subfamilia: Geoemydinae
Genus: Cuora
Species: Cuora zhoui

Cuora zhoui Zhao, Zhao & Ye 1990:216
Holotype: NTM 9001 (Nanjing Turtle Museum, as “Turtle Museum”); Paratypes: 9002 & 9003
Type locality: unknown, known only from pet trade.


Zhao,E., Zhou,T. & Ye,P. 1990. A new Chinese box turtle (Testudinata: Emydidae) - Cuora zhoui. In: E. Zhao (ed) From water onto Land. Chinese Soc. Study Amphib. Rept. Beijing: 213-216
IUCN: Cuora zhoui Zhao, 1990 (Critically Endangered)

Vernacular names
čeština: Želva Zhouova
English: Zhou's box turtle

Zhou's box turtle (Cuora zhoui) is a species of turtle in the family Geoemydidae (formerly Bataguridae). The species is apparently endemic to China.


The specific name, zhoui, is in honor of Chinese herpetologist Zhou Jiufa.[3]
Geographic range

C. zhoui is only known from Chinese food market specimens, and from a relatively small number of individuals that are part of captive breeding programs in China, Germany (notably the Münster Zoo), and the United States.[4] In December 2018, the known captive population numbered about 140 individuals, including 80 hatched at the Münster Zoo.[5] It may be found in the forests of southeastern Yunnan or western Guangxi, although it has never been recorded in the wild.[4]
Conservation Status

The over-collection of turtles in Asia for food, medicinal purposes, and the pet trade industry are the primary causes of the decimation of this turtle's population. As of 2012, this species is considered to be critically endangered and in the middle of a conservation crisis.

"Appendices | CITES". Retrieved 2022-01-14.
Fritz, Uwe; Havaš, Peter (2007). "Checklist of Chelonians of the World" (PDF). Vertebrate Zoology. 57 (2): 219–220. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-17. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Cuora zhoui, p. 293).

Zooborns (26 December 2018). Allwetterzoo Provides Haven for Endangered Turtles

Further reading

Zhao, "Er-mi"; Zhou, Ting; Ye, Ping (1990). "A new Chinese box turtle (Testudinata: Emydidae) — Cuora zhoui ". pp. 213–216. In: Zhao, "Ermi" (editor) (1990). From Water Onto Land. Beijing: Chinese Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. ("Cuora zhoui Zhao sp. nov.", pp. 213, 216). (in Chinese and English).

External links

Asian Turtle Trade Working Group (2016) [errata version of 2000 assessment]. "Cuora zhoui". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2000: e.T5963A97360787. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2000.RLTS.T5963A11972677.en. Retrieved 9 January 2018. Listed as Critically Endangered (CR A1d+2d)
Species Cuora zhoui at The Reptile Database

Lee DS, Levine LM (2004). First captive breeding of Zhou's Box Turtle, Cuora zhoui, in North America.[dead link]
Spinks, P. Q., Thomson, R. C., Zhang, Y., Che, J., Wu, Y., & Shaffer, H. B. (2012). Species boundaries and phylogenetic relationships in the critically endangered Asian box turtle genus Cuora. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 63(3), 656–667.[dead link]
Struijk RPJH, Woldring LA. Cuora Studbooks, an overview.[dead link]
CITES Proposal 11.36 – status and biological information on Cuora species.[dead link]

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