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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Superfamilia: Typhlopoidea

Familia: Typhlopidae
Subfamilia: Typhlopinae
Genus: Typhlops
Species (20): T. agoralionis – T. capitulatus – T. eperopeus – T. gonavensis – T. hectus – T. jamaicensis – T. leptolepis – T. lumbricalis – T. oxyrhinus – T. pachyrhinus – T. proancylops – T. pusillus – T. rostellatus – T. schwartzi – T. silus – T. sulcatus – T. sylleptor – T. syntherus – T. tetrathyreus – T. titanops
T. brongersmianus - - T. socotranus - is - T. tenuis - - T. tycherus - T T. vermicularis


Typhlops Oppel, 1811: 54

Type species: Anguis lumbricalis Linnaeus, 1758, by subsequent designation of Fitzinger (1843: 24).
Primary references

Oppel, M. 1811. Die Ordnungen, Familien und Gattungen der Reptilien, als Prodrom einer Naturgeschichte derselben. J. Lindauer, München, 110 pp. BHL

Additional references

Domínguez, M. & Díaz, Jr., R.E. 2011. Taxonomy of the Blind Snakes Associated with Typhlops lumbricalis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Scolecophidia, Typhlopidae) from the Bahamas Islands and Cuba. Herpetologica 67(2): 194–211. DOI: 10.1655/HERPETOLOGICAD-10-00024.1 Reference page.
Domínguez, M., Fong G., A. & Iturriaga, M. 2013. A new blind snake (Typhlopidae) from northeastern Cuba. Zootaxa 3681(2): 136–146. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3681.2.2 Reference page.
Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61. Full article (PDF). Reference page.
Pyron, R.A. & Wallach, V. 2014. Systematics of the blindsnakes (Serpentes: Scolecophidia: Typhlopoidea) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Zootaxa 3829(1): 1–81. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3829.1.1 Reference page.
Nagy, Z., Marion, A.B., Glaw, F., Miralles, A., Nopper, J., Vences, M. & Hedges, S.B. 2015. Molecular systematics and undescribed diversity of Madagascan scolecophidian snakes (Squamata: Serpentes). Zootaxa 4040(1): 31–47. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4040.1.3. Preview (PDF). Reference page.

Typhlops is a genus of blind snakes in the family Typhlopidae. The genus is endemic to the West Indies.[1] Some species which were formerly placed in the genus Typhlops have been moved to the genera Afrotyphlops, Amerotyphlops, Anilios, Antillotyphlops, Argyrophis, Cubatyphlops, Indotyphlops, Letheobia, Madatyphlops, Malayotyphlops, and Xerotyphlops.


Species[2] Taxon author[2] Subsp.*[2] Common name Geographic range
T. agoralionis Thomas & Hedges, 2007 0 la Hotte blind snake
T. capitulatus Richmond, 1964 0 Haitian pale-lipped blind snake, Richmond's worm snake
T. eperopeus Thomas & Hedges, 2007 0 Bahoruco blind snake
T. gonavensis Richmond, 1964 0 Gonâve Island worm snake
T. hectus Thomas, 1974 0 Tiburon Peninsula blind snake, Thomas's worm snake
T. jamaicensis (Shaw, 1802) 0 Jamaican blind snake, Jamaica worm snake
T. leptolepis Domínguez, Fong & Iturriaga, 2013 0
T. lumbricalisT (Linnaeus, 1758) 0 earthworm blind snake
T. oxyrhinus Domínguez & Díaz, 2011 0
T. pachyrhinus Domínguez & Díaz, 2011 0
T. proancylops Thomas & Hedges, 2007 0 La Selle blind snake
T. pusillus Barbour, 1914 0 Hispaniola worm snake
T. rostellatus Stejneger, 1904 0 Puerto Rican worm snake
T. schwartzi Thomas, 1989 0 Schwartz's worm snake
T. silus Legler, 1959 0
T. sulcatus Cope, 1868 0 island worm snake
T. sylleptor Thomas & Hedges, 2007 0 Pestel blind snake
T. syntherus Thomas, 1965 0 Barahona Peninsula blind snake, Barahona worm snake
T. tetrathyreus Thomas, 1989 0 Haitian worm snake
T. titanops Thomas, 1989 0 titan worm snake

*) Not including the nominate subspecies.
T) Type species.[1]

McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T (1999). Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).

"Typhlops ". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 18 August 2007.

External links

Typhlops at the Reptile Database. Accessed 29 August 2007.

Further reading

Hedges SB, Marion AB, Lipp KM, Marin J, Vidal N (2014). "A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata)". Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1-61. (Amerotyphlops, Antillotyphlops, Asiatyphlops, Cubatyphlops, Indotyphlops, Madatyphlops, Malayotyphlops, Sundatyphlops, Xerotyphlops, new genera).
Oppel M (1811). Die Ordnungen, Familien und Gattungen der Reptilien, als Prodrom einer Naturgeschichte derselben [= The Orders, Families and Genera of the Reptiles, as a Prodromus of a Natural History of the same ]. Munich: J. Lindauer. xii + 86 pp. (Typhlops, new genus, pp. 54–55). (in German and Latin).


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