- Art Gallery -


Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Osteichthyes
Classis: Actinopterygii
Subclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Superordo: Paracanthopterygii
Ordo: Gadiformes
Familia: Merlucciidae
Genera: Lyconodes - Lyconus - Macruronus - Merluccius - Steindachneria - †Macrurulus - †Rhinocephalus


Merlucciidae Gill, 1884


Subfamiliae rank (Merlucciinae, Macruroninae, Steindachneriinae) disputed.


* Nelson, Joseph, S. (2006). Fishes of the World. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN 0471250317.
* Merlucciidae Report on ITIS

Vernacular names
日本語: メルルーサ科
Polski: morszczukowate

Merlucciidae is a family of cod-like fish, including most hakes. They are native to the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, being common in southern waters off Tasmania and New Zealand.

They are large predatory fish inhabiting the waters of the continental shelf and upper continental slope, where they feed on small fish such as lanternfishes. Several species are important commercial fish, notably the blue grenadier, Macruronus novaezelandiae, which grows up to 130 cm long, and is fished in subantarctic waters of the southwest Pacific.


There are 23 species in five genera:

* Genus Lyconodes
o Lyconodes argenteus (Goode & Bean, 1896).
* Genus Lyconus
o Lyconus brachycolus (Holt & Byrne, 1906)
o Lyconus pinnatus (Günther, 1887)
* Genus Macruronus
o Cape grenadier, Macruronus capensis (Davies, 1950).
o Macruronus maderensis (Maul, 1951)
o Patagonian grenadier, Macruronus magellanicus (Lönnberg, 1907)
o Blue grenadier, also known as hoki, blue hake, New Zealand whiptail, whiptail, or whiptail hake, Macruronus novaezelandiae (Hector, 1871).
* Genus Merluccius
o Haddock or offshore hake, Merluccius albidus (Mitchill, 1818).
o Panama hake, Merluccius angustimanus Garman, 1899
o Southern hake, Merluccius australis (Hutton, 1872)
o Silver hake, Merluccius bilinearis (Mitchill, 1814)
o Shallow-water Cape hake, Merluccius capensis (Castelnau, 1861)
o South Pacific hake, Merluccius gayi gayi (Guichenot, 1848)
o Peruvian hake, Merluccius gayi peruanus (Ginsburg, 1954)
o Cortez hake, Merluccius hernandezi (Mathews, 1985)
o Argentine hake, Merluccius hubbsi (Marini, 1933)
Luminous hake, Steindachneria argentea
o European hake, Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus, 1758)
o Deep-water cape hake, Merluccius paradoxus (Franca, 1960)
o Merluccius patagonicus (Lloris & Matallanas, 2003)
o Benguela hake, Merluccius polli (Cadenat, 1950)
o North Pacific hake, Pacific hake, or Pacific whiting, Merluccius productus (Ayres, 1855)
o Senegalese hake, Merluccius senegalensis (Cadenat, 1950)
* Genus Steindachneria
o Luminous hake, Steindachneria argentea (Goode & Bean, 1896)


* Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). "Merlucciidae" in FishBase. February 2006 version.

Biology Encyclopedia

Fish Images

Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License