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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Spiralia
Cladus: Lophotrochozoa
Phylum: Mollusca
Classis: Bivalvia
Subclassis: Pteriomorphia
Ordo: Pectinida
Superfamilia: Anomioidea

Familia: Anomiidae
Subfamiliae: Anomiinae - Placunanomiinae
Name

Anomiidae Rafinesque, 1815

References

Rafinesque, C.S. 1815. Analyse de la nature, ou tableau de l'univers et des corps organis├ęs. Palerme: L'Imprimerie de Jean Barravecchia. 224 pp. BHL Reference page.

Anomiidae is a family of saltwater clams, marine bivalve molluscs related to scallops and oysters, and known as anomiids. It contains seven genera.

The family is known by several common names, including jingle shells, mermaid's toenails, and saddle oysters.
Description

Anomiids have extremely thin, translucent, paper-like shells. There is often a hole in the lower shell, caused by growth of the shell around the byssus. The shell follows the shape of the object it lies on - usually a rock or a large shell of another creature.
Uses

The flesh of members of this family is unpleasantly bitter and is not eaten. However, industrial uses of the shell include manufacture into, or as part of, glue, chalk, paint, shellac and solder. Capiz shells, the shells of Placuna placenta, the windowpane oyster, are made into decorative objects such as lampshades, in Asia.
Genera and species

The following genera and species are recognised by the World Register of Marine Species: [1]

Anomia
Anomia achaeus Gray, 1850
Anomia chinensis Philippi, 1849 - Chinese jingle shell
Anomia cytaeum Gray, 1850
Anomia ephippium Linnaeus, 1758 - European jingle shell
Anomia macostata Huber, 2010
Anomia peruviana d'Orbigny, 1846 - Peruvian jingle shell
Anomia simplex d'Orbigny, 1842 - Common jingle shell
Anomia trigonopsis Hutton, 1877 - New Zealand jingle shell
Enigmonia
Enigmonia aenigmatica (Holten, 1803) - Mangrove jingle shell
Heteranomia
Heteranomia squamula (Linnaeus, 1758) - Prickly jingle
Isomonia
Isomonia alberti (Dautzenberg & H. Fischer, 1897)
Isomonia umbonata (Gould, 1861)
Monia
Monia colon (Gray, 1850)
Monia deliciosa Iredale, 1936
Monia macroschisma (Deshayes, 1839)
Monia nobilis (Reeve, 1859)
Monia patelliformis (Linnaeus, 1767)
Monia squama (Gmelin, 1791)
Monia timida Iredale, 1939
Monia zelandica (Gray, 1843)
Patro
Patro australis (Gray in Jukes, 1847)
Patro undatus
Pododesmus
Pododesmus foliatus (Broderip, 1834)
Pododesmus macrochisma (Deshayes, 1839)
Pododesmus patelliformis (Linnaeus, 1761) - Ribbed saddle-oyster
Pododesmus rudis (Broderip, 1834) - False Atlantic jingle shell

References

Gofas, Serge (2012). "Anomiidae". WoRMS. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2012-04-23.

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