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Pomacea bridgesi (*)

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Spiralia
Cladus: Lophotrochozoa
Phylum: Mollusca
Classis: Gastropoda
Subclassis: Caenogastropoda
Ordo: Architaenioglossa
Superfamilia: Ampullarioidea

Familia: Ampullariidae
Genus: Pomacea
Species: Pomacea bridgesii

Pomacea bridgesii (Reeve, 1856)

Ampullaria bridgesii Reeve, 1856
Pomacea bridgesi (Reeve, 1856)


Reeve, L.A. 1814–1865. Conchologia iconica, or, Illustrations of the shells of molluscous animals.
Pain, T. 1960. Pomacea (Ampullariidae) of the Amazon River system. Journal of Conchology 24: 421–432.

Vernacular names
català: Caragol poma
English: Spike-topped apple snail, Mystery snail
español: Caracol manzana, Ampularia
русский: Ампулярия

Pomacea bridgesii, common name the spike-topped apple snail or mystery snail, is a South American species of freshwater snail with gills and an operculum, an aquatic gastropod mollusk in the family Ampullariidae. These snails were most likely introduced to the United States through the aquarium trade.[2]

Pomacea bridgesii bridgesii (Reeve, 1856)
Pomacea bridgesii diffusa (Blume, 1957)


Mystery snails possess structurally complex eyes at the tip of a cephalic eyestalk. They are able to regenerate the eye completely after amputation through the mid-eyestalk. They are born with both gills and lungs. Mystery snails also possess a siphon which is a small tube used to breathe air. They frequently surface to breathe.[3]

The native distribution of this snail is Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Peru.[citation needed]
Non-indigenous distribution

This species is non-indigenous in Hawaii since 1960 (Pomacea bridgesii diffusa), southeast Asia since the 1980s, and Florida since the early 1980s (Pomacea bridgesii diffusa).[4]

Most mystery snails lay their eggs above the water line. They are gonochoristic which means a male and female must be present for reproduction. The eggs take 2–4 weeks to hatch. The snails can produce as many as two hundred offspring from one egg-laying event. Sometimes not all the eggs are fertilized so they do not all hatch. When they do hatch, the hatchlings run the risk of being eaten if they share an aquarium with fish.[5] Hatchling mystery snails will grow quickly if given an appropriate amount of food and calcium. A hatchling mystery snail will start as a speck and can grow to the size of a pea in just over a week. A mystery snail is considered to be breeding size once it is almost the size of a golf ball, which can take as little as two months with the proper diet.[citation needed]

Mystery Snails are often found in lakes or rivers, where the oxygen levels is low,and are equipped with both an air tube and lung, as well as a gill, allowing them to easily breathe and take in the proper oxygen needed for survival. Pomacea bridgesii are mainly found in tropical environments and unable to sustain conditions under 50 °F.[6]
See also

Algae eater


Pastorino, G.; Darrigan, G. (2011). "Pomacea bridgesii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2011: e.T189088A8678453. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-2.RLTS.T189088A8678453.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
"spiketop applesnail (Pomacea bridgesii) - Species Profile". Retrieved 7 November 2021.
Bover, M. M. (1988). "Eye regeneration in the mystery snail". J. Exp. Zool. 245 (1): 33–42. doi:10.1002/jez.1402450106. PMID 3351443.
Pomacea bridgesi at
"Mystery Snail Complete Care Guide (Blue, Black, Gold and More) | Fishkeeping World". Retrieved 10 October 2019.
Hayes, K (12 September 2018). "Spiketop Applesnail (Pomacea Bridgesi) ERSS-FWS". U.S Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 19 October 2021.

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