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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Phylum: Nematoda
Classis: Chromadorea
Ordo: Desmoscolecida
Familiae (3): ?Cyartonematidae - Desmoscolecidae - Meyliidae

Gibson, D. (2011). Desmoscolecida. In: Deprez, T. et al. (2005). NeMys. World Wide Web electronic publication. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at on 2012-04-19

Desmoscolecida is an order of marine nematodes.[2] In a worm of this order, the body tapers towards each end and is marked by a number of well-defined ridges. Their number varies in the different species. The head bears four movable setae, and some of the ridges bear a pair either dorsally or ventrally. Two pigment spots between the fourth and fifth ridges are regarded as eyes. The Desmoscolecida move by looping their bodies like geometrid caterpillars or leeches, as well as by creeping on their setae. The mouth is terminal, and leads into a muscular oesophagus which opens into a straight intestine terminating in an anus, which is said to be dorsal in position. The sexes are distinct. The testis is single, and its duct opens into the intestine and is provided with two chitinous spicules. The ovary is also single, opening independently and anterior to the anus. The nervous system is as yet unknown.

Genera include Desmoscolex, Greeffiella, and Tricoma.

Poinar Jr., George O. (2011). The Evolutionary History of Nematodes: As revealed in stone, amber and mummies. Nematology Monographs and Perspectives. Vol. 9. Brill Publishers. doi:10.1163/9789047428664. ISBN 9789047428664.

WoRMS - World Register of Marine Species - Desmoscolecida

Paolo Panceri, Atti dell'Accademia Pontaniana (previously, Atti della Società pontaniana di Napoli). vii. (1878)
Richard Greeff, Archiv für Naturgeschichte 35 (i.) (1869), p. 112. (A. E. S.)

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Shipley, Arthur E. (1911). "Desmoscolecida". In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 99.

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