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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Spiralia
Cladus: Lophotrochozoa
Phylum: Annelida
Classis: Polychaeta
Subclassis: Palpata
Ordo: Aciculata
Subordo Eunicida

Familia: Onuphidae
Genera: Americonuphis – Anchinothria – Aponuphis – Australonuphis – Brevibrachium – Diopatra – Fauchaldonuphis – Hartmanonuphis – Heptaceras – Hirsutonuphis – Hyalinoecia – Hyalospinifera – Kinbergonuphis – Leptoecia – Longibrachium – Mooreonuphis – Nothria – Onuphis – Paradiopatra – Paxtonia – Protodiopatra – Rhamphobrachium


Onuphidae Kinberg, 1865
Primary references

Kinberg, J.G.H. 1865. Annulata nova. Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-akademiens forhandlingar. 21(10): 559-574. BHL Reference page. [see page 559 as Onuphiaea]

Additional references

Arias, A. & Paxton, H. 2016. Hyalinecia (sic) Edwardsi Roule, 1898—the enigmatic ghost from abyssal depths—redescribed as Nothria edwardsi (Annelida: Onuphidae). Zootaxa 4147(1): 97–100. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4147.1.9. Reference page.
Paxton, H. 2017. Three new species of Aponuphis (Annelida: Onuphidae) from eastern Australia. Zootaxa 4344(2): 246–260. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4344.2.2. Reference page.
Paxton, H. & Budaeva, N. 2015. Minibrachium, a new subgenus of Rhamphobrachium (Annelida: Onuphidae) from Australia with the description of three new species. IN Hutchings, P.A. & Kupriyanova, E.K. (eds.), 2015: Coral reef-associated fauna of Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef: polychaetes and allies. Zootaxa 4019(1): 621–634. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4019.1.21. Preview (PDF) Full article (PDF) Reference page.

The Onuphidae are a family of polychaete worms.

Most onuphids have tubes. Some live semisubmerged in the substrate, but others carry their tubes around, and they can all rebuild their tubes if necessary. The tubes, thin and parchment-like, are formed of bits of shell and sand, with plant debris, stuck together with mucus. The onuphids are all omnivorous scavengers, feeding on animal and vegetable debris.[2][3]

The prostomium has two short frontal antennae, two globular palps and five main antennae. The mandibles are large and the maxillae have several pairs of plates edged with fine teeth. Some tentacular cirri are present. The anterior parapodium points forward and has tapered ventral cirri. The posterior parapodium has cushion-like cirri. The setae include winged capillaries and pseudocompound forms on the anterior parapodia and winged capillaries, comb-setae and acicular setae on the posterior ones.[2]

The World Register of Marine Species includes these genera in the family:[1]

Americonuphis Fauchald, 1973
Anchinothria Paxton, 1986
Aponuphis Kucheruk, 1978
Australonuphis Paxton, 1986
Brevibrachium Paxton, 1986
Diopatra Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833
Dualgenys †
Epidiopatra Augener, 1918
Fauchaldonuphis Paxton, 2005
Hartmanonuphis Paxton, 1986
Heptaceras Ehlers, 1868
Hirsutonuphis Paxton, 1986
Hyalinoecia Malmgren, 1867
Hyalospinifera Kucheruk, 1979
Kinbergonuphis Fauchald, 1982
Leptoecia Chamberlin, 1919
Longibrachium Paxton, 1986
Mooreonuphis Fauchald, 1982
Nothria Malmgren, 1866
Notonuphis Kucheruk, 1978
Onuphis Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833
Paradiopatra Ehlers, 1887
Paronuphis Ehlers, 1887
Paxtonia Budaeva & Fauchald, 2011
Protodiopatra Budaeva & Fauchald, 2011
Rhamphobrachium Ehlers, 1887


Read, Geoff (2010). Read G, Fauchald K (eds.). "Onuphidae". World Polychaeta database. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
Onuphidae Marine Errant Polychaetes in Hong Kong. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
Family Onuphidae A Guide To Singapore Polychaetes. Retrieved 2012-01-16.

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