Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Basidiomycota
Subdivisio: Agaricomycotina
Classis: Agaricomycetes
Subclassis: Agaricomycetidae
Ordo: Agaricales
Subordo: Tricholomatineae

Familia: Tricholomataceae
Genus: Tricholoma
Species: T. abietinum – T. acerbum – T. acicularum – T. acutistramineum – T. aeruginascens – T. aestivum – T. aestuans – T. albatum – T. albidulum – T. albidum – T. albobrunneum – T. alboconicum – T. alboluteum – T. albosquamulatum – T. album – T. apium – T. argyraceum – T. bakamatsutake – T. caligatum – T. equestre – T. fulvum – T. lavendulophyllum – T. magnivelare – T. matsutake – T. pardinum – T. pessundatum – T. portentosum – T. quercetorum – T. saponaceum – T. sulphureum – T. terreum – T. tigrinum – T. ustale – T. ustaloides – T. vaccinoides – T. vaccinum – T. vacini – T. venenatoides – T. venenatum – T. vernale – T. vernaticum – T. versicolor – T. vestipes – T. victorianum – T. villosiparvum – T. vinaceogriseum – T. violaceibrunneum – T. virgatum – T. viridifucatum – T. viridilutescens – T. viridiolivaceum – T. weizianum – T. zangii – T. zelleri – T. zonatum – T. zvarae

Tricholoma (Fr.) Staude, Schwämme Mitteldeutschl. 1: xxviii, 125 (1857). [MycoBank #18677]

Index Fungorum: IF 18677
MycoBank: MB 18677

Vernacular names
беларуская: Радоўка
日本語: キシメジ属
русский: Рядовка

Tricholoma is a genus of fungus that contains many fairly fleshy white-spored gilled mushrooms which are found worldwide generally growing in woodlands. These are ectomycorrhizal fungi, existing in a symbiotic relationship with various species of coniferous or broad-leaved trees. The generic name derives from Ancient Greek: τριχο-, romanized: tricho-, lit. 'hair' and Ancient Greek: λῶμα, romanized: loma, lit. 'fringe, border'[1] although only a few species (such as T. vaccinum) have shaggy caps which fit this description.

The most sought out species are the East Asian Tricholoma matsutake, also known as matsutake or songi, and the North American Tricholoma magnivelare species complex, also known as "ponderosa mushroom", "American matsutake", or "pine mushroom". Others are safe to eat, such as Tricholoma terreum, but there are a few poisonous members, such as T. pardinum, T. tigrinum and T. equestre.

Many species originally described within Tricholoma have since been moved to other genera. These include the Wood blewit (Clitocybe nuda), previously Tricholoma nudum, blewit (Clitocybe saeva), previously Tricholoma personatum, and St George's mushroom (Calocybe gambosa) previously Tricholoma gambosum.
Species list
Main article: List of Tricholoma species
T. fulvum
T. lascivum
T. scalpuratum
T. sulphureum
T. terreum (or T. myomyces)

Tricholoma acerbum – bitter knight
Tricholoma aestuans
Tricholoma albobrunneum
Tricholoma album – white knight
Tricholoma argyraceum
Tricholoma atrosquamosum – dark-scaled knight
Tricholoma auratum – golden Tricholoma
Tricholoma bakamatsutake
Tricholoma batschii
Tricholoma columbetta – dove-coloured Tricholoma
Tricholoma equestre (previously T. flavovirens) – Man-on-Horseback
Tricholoma focale - booted knight[a]
Tricholoma fracticum
Tricholoma fulvum
Tricholoma huronense
Tricholoma imbricatum – matt knight-cap
Tricholoma inamoenum
Tricholoma magnivelare – pine mushroom, American matsutake
Tricholoma matsutake – matsutake
Tricholoma mesoamericanum – Mexican matsutake, hongo blanco de ocote
Tricholoma murrillianum – Western matsutake
Tricholoma mutabile
Tricholoma myomyces
Tricholoma nigrum
Tricholoma orirubens
Tricholoma pardinum
Tricholoma pessundatum
Tricholoma populinum
Tricholoma portentosum
Tricholoma resplendens
Tricholoma saponaceum – soap-scented toadstool
Tricholoma scalpturatum
Tricholoma sejunctum
Tricholoma squarrulosum
Tricholoma stans - upright knight
Tricholoma stiparophyllum - chemical knight
Tricholoma sulphureum – sulphur Tricholoma, gas agaric
Tricholoma terreum (= T. myomyces) – grey knight-cap
Tricholoma tigrinum
Tricholoma ustale – burnt knight
Tricholoma ustaloides
Tricholoma vaccinum – scaly Tricholoma, scaly knight
Tricholoma venenatum
Tricholoma virgatum – streaked Tricholoma, ashen knight
Tricholoma zangii

See also

Fungi portal

List of North American Tricholoma
List of Tricholomataceae genera



Reported to be edible but not palatable[2]


Nilson, Sven; Olle Persson (1977). Fungi of Northern Europe 2: Gill-Fungi. Penguin. p. 24. ISBN 0-14-063006-6.

Phillips, Roger (2010). Mushrooms and Other Fungi of North America. Buffalo, NY: Firefly Books. p. 42. ISBN 978-1-55407-651-2.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tricholoma.
Further reading

Marcel Bon : The Mushrooms and Toadstools of Britain and North-western Europe (Hodder & Stoughton 1987). ISBN 0-340-39935-X
Régis Courtecuisse, Bernard Duhem : Guide des champignons de France et d'Europe (Delachaux & Niestlé, 1994-2000). ISBN 2-603-00953-2

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