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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Arecales

Familia: Arecaceae
Subfamilia: Coryphoideae
Tribus: Trachycarpeae
Subtribus: Unplaced Trachycarpeae
Genus: Acoelorraphe
Species: A. wrightii

Acoelorraphe H.Wendl. (also as orth. var. Acoelorrhaphe)

Wendland, H. (1883) Genera Plantarum 3: 882. BHL
Govaerts, R. et al. 2015. Acoelorrhaphe in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2015 May 24. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2015. Acoelorrhaphe. Published online. Accessed: May 24 2015. 2015. Acoelorrhaphe. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2015 May 24.

Vernacular names
中文: 沼地棕屬

Acoelorrhaphe is a genus of palms with single species Acoelorrhaphe wrightii, known as the Paurotis palm, Everglades palm or Madeira palm in English[2][3][4][5] and cubas, tique, and papta in Spanish.[6]

It is native to Central America, southeastern Mexico, the Caribbean, Colombia, the Bahamas, and extreme southern Florida where it grows in swamps and periodically flooded forests. It is a small to moderately tall palm that grows in clusters to 5–7 metres (16–23 ft), rarely 9 m (30 ft) tall, with slender stems less than 15 centimetres (5.9 in) diameter. The leaves are palmate (fan-shaped), with segments joined to each other for about half of their length, and are 1–2 m (3.3–6.6 ft) wide, light-green above, and silver underneath. The leaf petiole is 1–1.2 m (3.3–3.9 ft) long, and has orange, curved, sharp teeth along the edges. The flowers are minute, inconspicuous and greenish, with 6 stamens. The trunk is covered with fibrous matting. The fruit is pea-sized, starting orange and turning to black at maturity.[7][8]

The genus name is often cited as Acoelorraphe,[7][9] a spelling error to be corrected under the provisions of the ICBN. The genus name is a combination of three Greek words meaning a- 'without', koilos 'hollow', and rhaphis 'needle', an allusion to the form of the fruit. The species is named after the American botanist Charles Wright.[10]
Cultivation and uses
Cultivated specimen in a greenhouse at Missouri Botanical Garden

The Paurotis palm was formerly plentiful in the Florida Everglades, but many plants were taken for the nursery trade. The palm is now protected in the wild by Florida law and its numbers are increasing again. Trees propagated from seed or by sawing apart the base of a cluster are available in nurseries. It is hardy to central and southern Florida and is cultivated as a landscape palm.[11]


H.A. Wendland Botanische Zeitung 37:148. 1879 Tpe:A. wrightii
World Checklist of Palms: Acoelorrhaphe Archived 2007-08-08 at the Wayback Machine
Germplasm Resources Information Network: Acoelorrhaphe wrightii
International Plant Names Index (IPNI): Acoelorrhaphe
Palm & Cycad Societies of Florida: Acoelorrhaphe wrightii Archived 2006-07-02 at the Wayback Machine
Villalobos, Nelson Zamora (2000). Arboles de la Mosquitia hondureña. Turrialba, Costa Rica: CATIE (Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza). p. 5. ISBN 9789977573533.
Flora of North America: genus account and species account
Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
USDA Plants Profile: Acoelorraphe wrightii
Grisebach, August H. R. (1866) Catalogus Plantarum Cubensium
Bush, Charles S. and Morton, Julia F. (1969) Native Trees and Plants for Florida Landscaping (pp.11-12). Department of Agriculture - State of Florida.

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