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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Cymbidieae
Subtribus: Cymbidiinae
Genus: Acriopsis
Overview of species

A. carrii – A. densiflora – A. emarginata – A. floribunda – A. gracilis – A. indica – A. inopinata – A. latifolia – A. liliifolia – A. ridleyi

Acriopsis Reinw. ex Blume, Catalogus: 97 (1823)

Type species: Acriopsis liliifolia (J.König) Seidenf., Opera Bot. 124: 58 (1995) - ex - Acriopsis javanica Reinw. ex Blume (1825)

Native distribution areas:

China South-Central.
Indian Subcontinent
Assam, East Himalaya.
Andaman Islands, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.
Borneo, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaya, Maluku, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatera.
New Guinea, Solomon Islands.
Northwestern Pacific
Caroline Islands.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Reinwardt, C.G.C. 1823. Catalogus 97.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 2014. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 5: Epidendroideae (Part two); page 49 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-850713-0


'eFloras 2009. Acriopsis in Flora of China vol. 25 Orchidaceae --> pdf Acriopsis 2013. Acriopsis in The Orders and Families of Monocotyledons. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 May 20.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Acriopsis in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 July 3. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2012. Acriopsis. Published online. Accessed: 28. Nov. 2012.
The Plant List 2013. Acriopsis in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 May 15. 2012. Acriopsis. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2012 Nov. 28.

Vernacular names

Acriopsis, commonly known as chandelier orchids[3] or 合萼兰属 (he e lan shu)[4] is a genus of flowering plants in the family Orchidaceaes. Orchids in this genus are epiphytic herbs with spherical or cylindrical pseudobulbs, creeping, branched rhizomes, thin white roots, two or three leaves and many small flowers. The flowers are non-resupinate with the lateral sepals joined along their edges and have spreading petals and a three-lobed labellum. The column has projections that extend hood-like beyond the anther.[3][4]

The genus was first formally described in 1825 by Carl Ludwig Blume who published the description in Bijdragen tot de flora van Nederlandsch Indië.[1][5] The name Acriopsis is derived from the Ancient Greek words akris meaning "locust" or "grasshopper"[6]: 68  and opsis, meaning "having the appearance of" or "like",[6]: 483  referring to the grasshopper-like shape of the column."[7]

Orchids in the genus Acriopsis are found in India, Yunnan, Southeast Asia, New Guinea, Melanesia, Micronesia and Queensland. They grow mainly in low, humid rainforests, sometimes ascending to medium altitudes. Their roots have specialised roots which grow from them up through the air and make branches which feed on litter and other debris.[3][4][7][8]

The following is a list of Acriopsis species accepted by the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSPF) as at January 2019:[1]

Acriopsis carrii Holttum - Kelantan
Acriopsis densiflora Lindl.
Acriopsis densiflora var. borneensis (Ridl.) Minderh. & de Vogel - Borneo
Acriopsis densiflora var. densiflora - Borneo, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia
Acriopsis emarginata D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. - Queensland
Acriopsis floribunda Ames
Acriopsis gracilis Minderh. & de Vogel - Sabah
Acriopsis indica C.Wright - Yunnan, Assam, Andaman Islands, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaysia, Philippines, Sulawesi
Acriopsis inopinata Phoon & P.O'Byrne - Peninsular Malaysia
Acriopsis latifolia Rolfe - Peninsular Malaysia
Acriopsis liliifolia (J.Koenig) Seidenf.
Acriopsis liliifolia var. auriculata (Minderh. & de Vogel) J.J.Wood - Myanmar, Vietnam, Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia
Acriopsis liliifolia var. liliifolia - Assam, Sikkim, Andaman Islands, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Borneo, Java, Malaysia, Maluku, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sumatra, Sulawesi, Philippines, New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Queensland, Caroline Islands
Acriopsis ridleyi Hook.f. - Borneo, Malaysia

Acriopsis javanica is listed as a synonym of Acriopsis liliifolia var. lillifolia at WCSPF[9] but is accepted by the Australian Plant Census.[10]

"Acriopsis". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
"Acriopsis". APNI. Retrieved 29 July 2020.
Jones, David L. (2006). A Complete Guide to Native Orchids of Australia including the Island Territories. New Holland Publishers, Frenchs Forest, N.S.W. 2086, Australia. ISBN 1-877069-12-4.
Chen, Xinqi; Wood, Jeffrey James. "Acriopsis". Flora of China. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
Blume, Carl Ludwig (1825). Bijdragen tot de flora van Nederlandsch Indië (Part 7). Batavia. pp. 376–377. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
Brown, Roland Wilbur (1956). The Composition of Scientific Words. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Acriopsis, Australian Orchid Names
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
"Acriopsis javanica". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
"Acriopsis javanica". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 29 July 2020.

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