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Allium moly

Allium moly, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Allioideae
Tribus: Allieae
Genus: Allium
Subgenus: A. subg. Amerallium
Sectio: A. sect. Molium
Subsectio: A. subsect. Xanthoprason
Species: Allium moly
Subspecies: A. m. subsp. glaucescens – A. m. subsp. moly
Name

Allium moly L., Sp. Pl.: 301. 1753.
Synonyms

Cepa moly (L.) Moench
Kalabotis moly (L.) Raf.
Molyza moly (L.) Salisb., not validly publ.
Nectaroscordum moly (L.) Galasso & Banfi

Homonyms

Allium moly Georgi, nom. illeg. = Allium decipiens subsp. decipiens
Allium moly Griseb. & Schur ex Regel, nom. illeg. = Allium saxatile M.Bieb., nom. cons.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Africa
Algeria; Morroco
Continental: Europe
Austria; Czechoslovakia; France; Italy; Spain

Allium moly

Allium moly (*)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 301. Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Allium moly in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Jul. 23. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2018. Allium moly. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Jul. 23. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Allium moly. Published online. Accessed: Jul. 23 2018.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Goldlauch, Pyrenäen-Gold-Lauch
English: Golden Garlic, Lily Leek, Yellow Onion
español: cebolleta, suspiros del sol
suomi: Keltalaukka
français: Ail D´espagne, Ail Doré
italiano: Aglio Dorato
日本語: Ariumu Moorii
Nederlands: Gele Sierui, Goudlook
polski: Czosnek Poudniowy
русский: Luk Molia, Luk Zolotistyi

Allium moly, also known as yellow garlic,[4] golden garlic and lily leek, Is a species of flowering plant in the genus Allium, which also includes the flowering and culinary onions and garlic. A bulbous herbaceous perennial from the Mediterranean,[5][6] it is edible and also used as a medicinal and ornamental plant.[7][8]

Occurrence and appearance

Allium moly is primarily found in Spain and Southern France with additional populations in Italy, Austria, Czech Republic, Algeria, and Morocco.[3][9][10][11]

With lance-shaped grey-green leaves up to 30 cm long, in early summer it produces masses of star-shaped bright yellow flowers in dense umbels. The cultivar ‘Jeannine’ has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.[4]
Variants

formerly included[3]

Allium moly var. ambiguum, now called Allium roseum
Allium moly subsp. massaessylum, now called Allium massaessylum
Allium moly var. stamineum, now called Allium stamineum
Allium moly var. xericiense, now called Allium scorzonerifolium

See also

Moly (herb), mentioned in The Odyssey, from which Linnaeus took the species' name

References

Draper Munt, D. (2011). "Allium moly". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2011: e.T172220A6852079. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T172220A6852079.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
The International Plant Names Index
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
"RHS Plantfinder - Allium moly 'Jeannine'". Royal Horticultural Society. 1993. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
Tropicos, Allium moly L.
Maire, R. (1958). Flore de l'Afrique du Nord 5: 1-307. Paul Lechevalier, Paris
Missouri Botanical Garden Gardening Help: Allium moly
"Allium moly". Plants for a Future.
Altervista Flora Italiana
Hohla, M. (2011). Zwei Funde der Kleine Seerose (Nymphaea candida) sowie weitere Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Flora von Oberösterreich. Stapfia 95: 141-161.
Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic. Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.

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