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Table Rock Allium Parvum

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Allioideae
Tribus: Allieae
Genus: Allium
Species: Allium parvum

Allium parvum Kellogg, 1863

Allium modocense Jeps.
Allium pleianthum var. particolor M.E.Jones
Allium tribracteatum var. andersonii S.Watson
Allium tribracteatum var. parvum (Kellogg) Jeps.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Northern America
Regional: Southwestern USA
California; Idaho; Nevada; Oregon; Utah

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Kellogg, A., Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 3: 54 1863.
USDA, NRCS. 2006. The PLANTS Database, 6 March 2006 ( Data compiled from various sources by Mark W. Skinner. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.


International Plant Names Index. 2017. Allium parvum. Published online. Accessed: Sep. 11 2017.
The Plant List 2013. Allium parvum in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2017 Sep. 11. 2017. Allium parvum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 11 Sep. 2017.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2017. Allium parvum in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2017 Sep 11. Reference page.

Vernacular names
English: small onion

Allium parvum is an American species of wild onion known by the common name small onion.[4][5] It is native to the western United States where it is a common member of the flora in rocky, dry areas in mountainous areas, especially in talus at elevations of 1,200–2,800 m (3,900–9,200 ft). It is widespread in California, Nevada, Oregon and Idaho, and also reported from western Utah and from extreme southwestern Montana (Ravalli and Beaverhead Counties)[6][7][8]

Allium parvum has a bulb one to two and a half centimeters wide and bears a relatively short scape for an onion species, rarely more than 12 centimeters tall. The two leaves are sickle-shaped. Atop the stem is an umbel of fewer than 30 flowers, which are generally pale pink with prominent dark midveins. Anthers are purple or yellow; pollen yellow.[5][9][10][11][12]

This plant was a food and flavoring for the Paiute people.[13][14]

The Plant List
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Calflora, Taxon Report 222, Allium parvum Kellogg
USDA Plants Profile
Jepson Manual Treatment
Flora of North America v 26 p 271, Allium parvum
BONAP (Biota of North America Program) 2014 county distribution map, Allium parvum
Calphoto Photo gallery
Hickman, J. C. 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California 1–1400. University of California Press, Berkeley.
Cronquist, A.J., A. H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & Reveal. 1977. Vascular Plants of the Intermountain West, U.S.A. 6: 1–584. In A.J. Cronquist, A. H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren, J. L. Reveal & P. K. Holmgren (eds.) Intermountain Flora. Hafner Pub. Co., New York.
Kellogg, Albert. 1863. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 3(3): 54-55, figure 13 in English; full-page line drawing on page 55
Ethnobotany, University of Michigan
Fowler, Catherine S. 1989 Willards Z. Park's Ethnographic Notes on the Northern Paiute of Western Nevada 1933-1940. Salt Lake City. University of Utah Press (p. 44)

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