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Allium rotundum 290608

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Allioideae
Tribus: Allieae
Genus: Allium
Subgenus: A. subg. Allium
Sectio: A. sect. Allium
Species: Allium rotundum
Name

Allium rotundum L. (1762).
Synonyms

Homotypic
Allium scorodoprasum subsp. rotundum (L.) Stearn, Ann. Mus. Goulandris 4: 178 (1978).
Porrum rotundum (L.) Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 111 (1830).
Heterotypic
Allium ampeloprasum subsp. paterfamilias (Boiss.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 201 (1890).
Allium ampeloprasum Thunb., Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 65 (1794), nom. illeg.
Allium ampeloprasum var. paterfamilias (Boiss.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 735 (1882).
Allium baumannianum K.Koch, Linnaea 22: 241 (1849).
Allium cambiasii De Not., Repert. Fl. Ligust.: 412 (1844).
Allium cilicicum Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 7: 115 (1846).
Allium descendens Pall. ex Schult. & Schult.f. in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg. 7: 1011 (1830), nom. inval.
Allium erectum G.Don, Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 6: 18 (1827).
Allium gracilescens Sommier & Levier, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 13: 51 (1893).
Allium jajlae Vved., Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 19: 126 (1934).
Allium multiflorum Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 387 (1843), nom. illeg.
Allium paterfamilias Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., II, 4: 114 (1859).
Allium porphyroprasum Heldr. & Sartori ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 233 (1898).
Allium preslianum Schult. & Schult.f. in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg. 7: 1132 (1830).
Allium rotundifolium Lumn. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 53 (1840), nom. inval.
Allium rotundum subsp. erectum (G.Don) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 201 (1890).
Allium rotundum subsp. jajlae (Vved.) B.Mathew, Rev. * Allium sect. Allium: 101 (1996).
Allium rotundum subsp. preslianum (Schult. & Schult.f.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 201 (1890).
Allium rotundum subsp. waldsteinii (G.Don) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 201 (1890).
Allium rotundum var. cambiasii (De Not.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 735 (1882).
Allium rotundum var. erectum (G.Don) Regel, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 60 (1875).
Allium rotundum var. melleum Miscz. ex Grossh., Fl. Kavkaza 1(1): 206 (1928).
Allium rotundum var. porphyroprasum (Heldr. & Sartori ex Boiss.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 735 (1882).
Allium rotundum var. preslianum (Schult. & Schult.f.) Regel, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 59 (1875).
Allium rotundum var. rubicundum (Niven ex G.Don) Regel, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 59 (1875).
Allium rotundum var. scariosum (Jan ex Schult. & Schult.f.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 735 (1882).
Allium rotundum var. waldsteinianum Schult. & Schult.f. in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg. 7: 1011 (1830).
Allium rubellum C.Presl, Fl. Sicul.: 42 (1826), nom. illeg.
Allium rubicundum Niven ex G.Don, Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 6: 16 (1827).
Allium scariosum Jan ex Schult. & Schult.f. in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg. 7: 1011 (1830).
Allium scorodoprasum subsp. jajlae (Vved.) Stearn, Ann. Mus. Goulandris 4: 179 (1978).
Allium scorodoprasum subsp. waldsteinii (G.Don) Stearn, Ann. Mus. Goulandris 4: 179 (1978).
Allium tmoleum O.Schwarz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 36: 71 (1934).
Allium waldsteinianum Schult. & Schult.f. in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg. 7: 1011 (1830).
Allium waldsteinii G.Don, Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 6: 17 (1827).
Porrum polyanthum Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 159 (1869).

Homonyms

Allium rotundum All., nom. illeg. = Allium acutiflorum Loisel.
Allium rotundum Wimm. & Grab., nom. illeg. = Allium vineale L.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Belarus; Central European Russia; Corse; Cyprus; Czechoslovakia; East Aegean Is.; France; Germany; Greece; Hungary; Italy; Krym; South European Russia; Spain; Ukraine; Yugoslavia
Continental: Africa
Canary Is.
Continental: Asia-Temperate
Iran; Iraq; Lebanon-Syria; Transcaucasus; Turkey
Continental:
Michigan; Morocco; North Caucasus; Romania
Continental: Australasia
South Australia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References

Linnaeus, C. 1762. Species Plantarum, ed. 2, Tomus I: 423. Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Allium rotundum in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Jul. 24. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2018. Allium rotundum. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Jul. 24. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Allium rotundum. Published online. Accessed: Jul. 24 2018.

Vernacular names
suomi: Pyörölaukka
русский: Лук круглый
Türkçe: deli pırasa

Allium rotundum, common name round-headed leek or purple-flowered garlic, is a Eurasian and North African species of wild onion. Its native range extends from Spain and Morocco to Iran and European Russia.[2] It is sparingly naturalized in parts of the United States (Michigan and Iowa).[3] The species grows in disturbed habitats such as roadsides, cultivated fields, etc.[4][5][6][7][8][9]

Allium rotundum produces large clumps of as many as 50 egg-shaped bulbs, each up to 1.5 cm long. Leaves are up to 40 cm long. Scapes are up to 90 cm tall. Umbels look round from a distance, and can contain as many as 200 flowers. Flowers are bell-shaped, up to 7 mm across; tepals purple, sometimes with white margins; anthers yellow or purple; pollen yellow or white.[4][10][11]
References

The Plant List
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
BONAP (Biota of North America Program) 2013 county distribution map, Allium rotundum
Flora of North America v 26 p 244, Allium rotundum
Komarov, V.L. (ed.) (1935). Flora SSSR 4: 1-586. Izdatel'stov Akademii Nauk SSSR, Leningrad.
Maire, R. (1958). Flore de l'Afrique du Nord 5: 1-307. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.
Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1984). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 8: 1-632. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
Townsend, C.C. & Guest, E. (eds.) (1985). Flora of Iraq 8: 1-440. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
Voss, E. G. 1972. Gymnosperms and Monocots. i–xv, 1–488. In Michigan Flora. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan.
Linnaeus, Carl von. 1762. Species Plantarum, Editio Secunda 1: 423–424.

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