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Allium subhirsutum

Allium subhirsutum (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Allioideae
Tribus: Allieae
Genus: Allium
Subgenus: A. subg. Amerallium
Sectio: A. sect. Molium
Subsectio: A. subsect. Molium
Species: Allium subhirsutum

Allium subhirsutum L., Sp. Pl. 1: 295. 1753.

Iulus subhirsutum (L.) Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 92. 1866, nom. inval.

Allium album F.Delaroche in P.J.Redouté, Liliac. 5: 300. 1810, nom. illeg.
Allium brachystemon Redouté, Liliac. 7: 374. 1812.
Allium subhirsutum var. brachystemon (Redouté) P.Fourn., Quatre Fl. Fr. : 170. 1935.
Allium ciliare F.Delaroche in P.J.Redouté, Liliac. 6: t. 311. 1811.
Allium subhirsutum subsp. ciliare (F.Delaroche) Maire & Weiller, Fl. Afr. Nord 5: 288. 1958.
Allium ciliatum Cirillo, Pl. Rar. Neapol. 2: 16. 1792.
Allium subhirsutum subsp. ciliatum (Cirillo) Holmboe, Stud. Veg. Cyprus: 46. 1914.
Allium subhirsutum var. ciliatum (Cirillo) Briq., Prodr. Fl. Corse 1: 303. 1910.
Allium clusianum Retz. ex Willd., Sp. Pl. 2: 79. 1799.
Allium subvillosum var. clusianum (Retz. ex Willd.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 738. 1882.
Kalabotis clusianum (Retz. ex Willd.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 19. 1837.
Allium graminifolium Buch, Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 17: 362. 1816, nom. illeg.
Allium graminifolium Loisel., Fl. Gall. 1: 253. 1806, nom. illeg.
Allium hirsutum Lam., Fl. Franç. 3: 262. 1778, nom. illeg.
Allium hirsutum Zucc., Abh. Math.-Phys. Cl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. 3: 232. 1843, nom. illeg.
Allium niveum Roth, Catal. Bot. 2: 35. 1800.
Iulus niveum (Roth) Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 92. 1866, nom. inval.
Allium subhirsutum race loiseleurii Rouy, Fl. Fr., 12: 376. 1910.
Allium loiseleurii (Rouy) Prain, Index Kew., Suppl. 4: 8. 1913.
Allium subhirsutum var. corbariense Timb.-Lagr. ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 737. 1882.
Allium subhirsutum var. hellenicum Hausskn., Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges., n.s., 13: 29. 1899.
Allium subvillosum var. minor Pau, nom. nud., in sched.
Allium tinei C.Presl in J.S.Presl & C.B.Presl, Delic. Prag.: 145. 1822.


Allium subhirsutum Desf. (1798) = Allium subvillosum Salzm. ex Schult. & Schult.f.
Allium subhirsutum Rchb. (1830) nom. illeg. = Allium subvillosum Salzm. ex Schult. & Schult.f.
Allium subhirsutum Delile ex Boiss., pro syn. = Allium neapolitanum Cirillo hult. & Schult.f.
Allium subhirsutum Sieber ex Kunth, not validly publ. = Allium neapolitanum Cirillo

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Southwestern Europe
Baleares, Corse, France, Sardegna, Spain
Regional: Southeastern Europe
Albania, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Sicilia, former Yugoslavia
Continental: Africa
Regional: Northern Africa
Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: Western Asia
Cyprus East Aegean Islands, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 295. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Allium subhirsutum in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 7 16. Reference page.

Allium subhirsutum, the hairy garlic,[3] is a plant species widespread around the Mediterranean region from Spain and the Canary Islands to Turkey and Palestine.[1][4]

Allium subhirsutum is a perennial herb up to 50 cm tall. Leaves are long, up to 15 mm across, tapering toward the tip, with hairs along the margins (hence the name "hairy garlic"). The umbel contains only a few flowers, white with thin pink midveins.[5][6][7]

Allium subhirsutum is edible and sometimes cultivated in kitchen gardens. Bulbs can be eaten cooked or in salads. There are however a few reports of toxicity when consumed in large quantities.[8][9]


Allium subhirsutum subsp. obtusitepalum (Svent.) G.Kunkel - Alegranza Island in Canary Islands
Allium subhirsutum subsp. subhirsutum - from Spain and Morocco to Turkey and Palestine.

formerly included[1]

Allium subhirsutum var. barcense, now called Allium longanum
Allium subhirsutum var. canariense, now called Allium subvillosum
Allium subhirsutum var. glabrum now called Allium neapolitanum
Allium subhirsutum subsp. graecum, now called Allium trifoliatum
Allium subhirsutum var. hirsutum, now called Allium trifoliatum
Allium subhirsutum subsp. permixtum, now called Allium permixtum
Allium subhirsutum var. purpurascens, now called Allium subvillosum
Allium subhirsutum subsp. spathaceum, now called Allium spathaceum
Allium subhirsutum subsp. subvillosum, now called Allium subvillosum
Allium subhirsutum subsp. trifoliatum, now called Allium trifoliatum
Allium subhirsutum var. vernale, now called Allium subvillosum


Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
The Plant List
BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
Altervista Flora Italiana, Aglio pelosetto, hairy garlic, Allium subhirsutum
"Fleurs du Sud, Méditerranée et Montagne, Allium subhirsutum". Archived from the original on 2015-09-28. Retrieved 2014-03-30.
Linnaeus, Carl. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 295.
Rafinesque, Constantine Samuel. 1837. Flora Telluriana 2: 19, Kalabotis clusianum
Plants for a Future
Bailey, L.H. & E.Z. Bailey. 1976. Hortus Third i–xiv, 1–1290. MacMillan, New York.

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