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Allium textile

Allium textile (Photo: NPS)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Allioideae
Tribus: Allieae
Genus: Allium
Species: Allium textile

Allium textile A.Nels. & J.F.Macbr., 1913

Allium angulosum Pursh, nom. illeg.
Allium aridum Rydb.
Allium reticulatum Fraser ex G.Don, nom. illeg.
Allium reticulatum var. playanum M.E.Jones
Maligia laxa Raf.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Northern America
Alberta; Colorado; Idaho; Iowa; Kansas; Manitoba; Minnesota; Montana; Nebraska; Nevada; New Mexico; North Dakota; Saskatchewan; South Dakota; Utah; Washington; Wyoming

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Nelson, A. & Macbride, J.F., Botanical Gazette; Paper of Botanical Notes. Crawfordsville, IN, Chicago, IL 56:470. 1913


Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Allium textile in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Jul. 25. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Allium textile. Published online. Accessed: Jul. 25 2018.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Allium textile in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 08-Apr-12.

Vernacular names
English: Prairie onion

Allium textile (prairie onion or textile onion) is a common species of wild onion found in the central part of North America.


A. textile produces egg-shaped bulbs up to 2.5 cm long. There are no rhizomes. Scapes are round in cross-section, up to 40 cm tall. Flowers are bell-shaped or urn-shaped, about 6 mm in diameter; tepals white or pink with reddish-brown midribs; pollen and anthers yellow.

A. textile is placed within section Amerallium, subgenus Amerallium.[5][6]
Distribution and habitat

The native range of A. textile extends across the Great Plains states from Oklahoma to Montana and Minnesota, plus the Rocky Mountain and Great Basin states from northern New Mexico to Washington, plus the Canadian provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. There is also a report of an isolated population in Indiana.[7][8] Allium textile grows on dry, sunlit locations at elevations of 300–2400 m.[7][9][10][11][12][13][14]

"Allium textile". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2013-07-28.
"Allium textile". Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
"Allium textile". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew – via The Plant List.
drawing from Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 1: 500.
Choi et al 2012.
Choi et al 2011.
McNeal Jr., Dale W.; Jacobsen, T. D. (2002). "Allium textile". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). Vol. 26. New York and Oxford – via, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
"Allium textile". County-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014.
Nelson, Aven; Macbride, James Francis (1913). "Western Plant Studies. II". Botanical Gazette. 56 (6): 470. doi:10.1086/331195. S2CID 224844931.
Presl, Jan Svatopluk; Presl, Carl Bořivoj (1819). Flora Čechica. p. 73.
Don, George (1832) [written 1826]. "A Monograph of the Genus Allium". Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society. Vol. 6. The Society. p. 36.
Cronquist, A.J.; Holmgren, A. H.; Holmgren, N. H.; Reveal, J. L.; Holmgren, P. K., eds. (1977). "Vascular Plants of the Intermountain West, U.S.A.". Intermountain Flora. Vol. 6. New York: Hafner Publishing Company. pp. 1–584.
Great Plains Flora Association, ed. (1986). Flora of the Great Plains. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.

Moss, E. H. (1983). Flora of Alberta (2nd ed.). University of Toronto Press.


Choi, Hyeok Jae; Cota-Sánchez, J. Hugo (September 2010). "A taxonomic revision of Allium (Alliaceae) in the Canadian prairie provinces" (PDF). Botany. 88 (9): 787–809. doi:10.1139/B10-056.
Choi, Hyeok Jae; Giussani, Liliana M.; Jang, Chang Gee; Oh, Byoung Un; Cota-Sánchez, J. Hugo (June 2012). "Systematics of disjunct northeastern Asian and northern North American Allium (Amaryllidaceae)". Botany. 90 (6): 491–508. doi:10.1139/b2012-031.
Choi, Hyeok Jae; Davis, Arthur R.; Cota-Sánchez, J. Hugo (2011). "Comparative Floral Structure of Four New World Allium (Amaryllidaceae) Species". Systematic Botany. 36 (4): 870–882. doi:10.1600/036364411x604895. S2CID 85573965.

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