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Allium victorialis

Allium victorialis (Photo: Bernd Haynold)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Allioideae
Tribus: Allieae
Genus: Allium
Subgenus: A. subg. Anguinum
Species: Allium victorialis
Name

Allium victorialis L., Sp. Pl. 1: 295. 1753.
Synonyms

Homotypic
Cepa victorialis (L.) Moench, Methodus: 243. 1794.
Geboscon lanceolatum Raf., Autik. Bot.: 59. 1840.
Geboscon triphylum Raf., Autik. Bot.: 59. 1840), nom. illeg.
Berenice victorialis (L.) Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 90. 1866, nom. inval., nom. illeg. non Tulasne (1857).
Anguinum victorialis (L.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon, n.s., 17: 160. 1869.
Loncostemon victoriale (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 21. 1837.

Heterotypic
Allium anguinum Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 4: 87. 1902.
Allium convallarifolium Pall. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 184. 1852.
Allium longibulbum Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 110. 1867.
Allium microdictyon Prokh., Bull. Applied Bot., Leningrad 1929-30, 114 (2): 174. 1930.
Allium plantagineum Lam., Fl. Franç. 3: 262. 1778.
Allium plantaginense Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 211. 1862.
Allium reticulatum St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 119. 1880, nom. illeg.
Allium victorialis var. asiaticum Nakai, Rep. Veg. Kamikoti: 35. 1928.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Austria; Bulgaria; Czechoslovakia; East European Russia; France; Germany; Hungary; Italy; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Spain; Switzerland; Ukraine; Yugoslavia
Continental: Asie
East Himalaya; Nepal; North Caucasus; Pakistan; Transcaucasus; West Himalaya

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 295. Reference page.
Zheng-yi, W. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) 2000. Flora of China. Volume 24: Flagellariaceae through Marantaceae. Beijing: Science Press, St. Louis: Missouri Botanical Garden Press, ISBN 0-915279-83-5, p. 172, efloras.org
Govaerts, R. et al. 2017. Allium victorialis in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2017 Nov 6. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Allium victorialis in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Allermannsharnisch
suomi: Voitonlaukka
magyar: Győzedelmes v. havasi hagyma
русский: Лук победоносный
svenska: Segerlök

Allium victorialis, commonly known as victory onion, Alpine leek, and Alpine broad-leaf allium[5] is a broad-leaved Eurasian species of wild onion. It is a perennial of the Amaryllis family that occurs widely in mountainous regions of Europe and parts of Asia (Caucasus and Himalayas).[4][6]

Some authors consider certain East Asian and Alaskan populations as constituting subspecies platyphyllum within the species Allium victorialis.[7][8] Recent sources recognize this group as a distinct species, called Allium ochotense.[9][10][11][12][13]

General description

Allium victorialis attains a height of 30–45 cm (11.8–17.7 in) and forms a sheathed bulb ("root-stalk") about the thickness of a finger and 5–8 cm (2.0–3.1 in) long.[14] Leaves are broad elliptical or lanceolate. Flowers (perianths) are whitish green.[14]
Distribution

Allium victorialis is found widely across mountain ranges Europe, as well as the Caucasus and the Himalayas.[4]
Nomenclature

The specific epithet victorialis comes from the German Siegwurz (Root of Victory),[15] and it earned this name having been "worn as an amulet, to be as safeguard against the attacks of certain impure spirits," by Bohemian miners among others.[15]
Uses

The plant, in past centuries in certain mountainous regions of Europe, "was cultivated as a medicinal and fetish plant".[16] It was also recorded as consumed by Ainu people in northern Japan.[17]
See also

sansai
ramsons
Allium tricoccum (ramps)

References

Holubec, V., Magos Brehm, J., Uzundzhalieva, K., Vögel, R., Vörösváry, G., Eliáš, P. & Duarte, M.C. (2011). Allium victorialis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T172231A6854104. Downloaded on 05 January 2019.
Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). "Allium victorialis". Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). New York and Oxford – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
GRIN (May 12, 2011). "Allium victorialis L. information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved 16 March 2014.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Allium victorialis
Korea National Arboretum (2015). English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: National Arboretum. p. 348. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 27 November 2016 – via Korea Forest Service.
Altervista Flora Italiana, Aglio serpentino, victory onion, alpine leek, Allium victorialis L. includes photos and European distribution map
Flora of North America Vol. 26 Page 234 Allium victorialis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 295. 1753.
Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 172 茖葱 ge cong Allium victorialis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 295. 1753.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Allium ochotense Prokh.
The Plant List, Allium ochotense Prokh.
Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1987). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 2: 1-448. Nauka, Leningrad.
Denisov, N. (2008). Addition to Vascular flora of the Kozlov island (Peter the Great Gulf, Japanese sea). Turczaninowia 11(4): 29-42.
Choi & Oh 2011.
Thompson, Harold Stuart (1912). Sub-alpine Plants: Or, Flowers of the Swiss Woods and Meadows (preview). G. Routledge & Sons. p. 280.. 1–1.5 ft (0.30–0.46 m) height; and rootstalk 5.1–7.6 cm (2–3 in).
Sims, John (1809). "Allium victorialis. Long-rooted garlic". Curtis's Botanical Magazine. 30: 1222–.
Rabinowitch, Haim D.; Currah, Lesley (2002). Allium Crop Science: Recent Advances (preview). CABI. p. 26. ISBN 978-0851-99510-6.

Bachelor, John (1893). "Ainu Economic Plants". Tota. Archived from the original on 2021-06-28.

Bibliography

Choi, Hyeok JAE; Oh, Byoung UN (October 2011). "A partial revision of Allium (Amaryllidaceae) in Korea and north-eastern China". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 167 (2): 153–211. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2011.01166.x.

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