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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Amaryllideae
Subtribus: AmaryllidinaeBoophoninaeCrininaeStrumariinae
Genera: AmaryllisAmmocharisBoophoneBrunsvigiaCrinumCrossyneHesseaNamaquanulaNerineStrumaria
Artificial Nothogenera: × Amarcrinum× Amarine× Amarygia – × Traubara

Subtribus: Amaryllidinae - Boophoninae - Crininae - Strumariinae
Genera: Amaryllis - Ammocharis - Boophone - Brunsvigia - Crinum - Crossyne - Hessea - Namaquanula - Nerine - Strumaria


Amaryllideae Dumort., Anal. Fam. Pl.: 58. (1829)

Type genus: Amaryllis L., Sp. Pl. 1: 292. (1753)


Meerow, A.W. & Snijman, D.A. 2001. Phylogeny of Amaryllidaceae tribe Amaryllideae based on nrDNA ITS sequences and morphology. American Journal of Botany 88(12): 2321–2330. DOI: 10.2307/3558392 Reference page.
Snijman, D.A. & Linder, H.P. 1996. Phylogenetic relationships, seed characters, and dispersal system evolution in Amaryllideae (Amaryllidaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 83(3): 362–386. DOI: 10.2307/2399866 BHL Reference page.


Amaryllidaceae Amaryllideae.

Amaryllideae are a tribe of subfamily Amaryllidoideae (family Amaryllidaceae). They are herbaceous monocot perennial flowering plants with a predominantly Southern African distribution, with the exception of the pantropical genus Crinum. They are generally treated as consisting of four subtribes. In addition to Crinum, other genera include Amaryllis, Boophone and Strumaria.[2]


The placement of Amaryllideae within subfamily Amaryllidoideae is shown in the following cladogram:
Cladogram: Tribes of subfamily Amaryllidoideae

Subfamily Amaryllidoideae

Tribe Amaryllideae


Tribe Cyrtantheae


Tribe Haemantheae


Tribe Calostemmateae

Eurasian clade

Tribe Lycorideae


Tribe Galantheae

Tribe Pancratieae

Tribe Narcisseae

American clade
Hippeastroid clade

Tribe Griffineae

Tribe Hippeastreae

Andean clade

Tribe Eustephieae

Tribe Eucharideae/Stenomesseae

Tribe Clinantheae

Tribe Hymenocallideae


There are four subtribes:

Amaryllidinae Pax[3]
Boophoninae D.Müll.-Doblies & U.Müll.-Doblies[4]
Crininae Baker[5]
Strumariinae Traub ex D.Müll.-Doblies & U.Müll.-Doblies[6]

These are phylogenetically related as follows:

Tribe Amaryllideae

Subtribe Amaryllidinae

Subtribe Boophoninae

Subtribe Strumariinae

Subtribe Crininae

Amaryllidinae: Type. Monogeneric subtribe for genus Amaryllis.

Boophoninae: Monogeneric subtribe for genus Boophone.

Crininae: Three genera including Crinum.

Strumariinae: Six genera including Strumaria and Nerine.

Du Mortier 1829, Anal. Fam. Pl.: 58. 1829..
Meerow & Snijman 2001.
Engler & Prantl Nat. Pflanzenfam.2, 5. 105. 1887 (emend. Meerow & Snijman 2001)
Feddes Repertorium 107: S. c. 3. 1996
J. Bot. 16: 164. ante 11 Jun 1878; Pax in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam.2, 5. 108. 1887; D. & U. Muller-Doblies, Feddes Repertorium 107: S. c. 3. 1996.

Bot. Jahrb. 107: 18. 1985 emend Meerow & Snijman, 2001.


Du Mortier, Barthélemy-Charles (1829). Analyse des familles des plantes :avec l'indication des principaux genres qui s'y rattachent (in French). Tournay: Casterman. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
Meerow, Alan W.; Snijman, Deirdre A. (December 2001). "Phylogeny of Amaryllidaceae Tribe Amaryllideae Based on nrDNA ITS Sequences and Morphology". American Journal of Botany. 88 (12): 2321–2330. doi:10.2307/3558392. JSTOR 3558392. PMID 21669663.
Snijman, D. A.; Linder, H. P. (1996). "Phylogenetic Relationships, Seed Characters, and Dispersal System Evolution in Amaryllideae (Amaryllidaceae)". Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 83 (3): 362–386. doi:10.2307/2399866. JSTOR 2399866.
Vigneron, Pascal. "Amaryllidaceae". (in French). Archived from the original on 4 January 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
"Amaryllidaceae: A taxonomic tool for the Amaryllidaceae of the world". eMonocot. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-02-25.

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