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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Liliales

Familia: Melanthiaceae
Tribus: Melanthieae

Genus: Anticlea
Overview of species

A. elegans – A. frigida – A. hintoniorum – A. mogollonensis – A. neglecta – A. occidentalis – A. sachalinensis – A. sibirica – A. virescens – A. volcanica

Anticlea Kunth, 1843.

Typus: A. sibirica
(L.) Kunth


Monadenus Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 51. 1866.
Stenanthella Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27: 530. 1900.


Farr, E. R. & Zijlstra, G. eds. (1996-) Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum). 2009 Dec 23 [1].
Govaerts, R. & al. 2006. World Checklist of selected plant families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens. 2010 Sept 27 [2]
Kunth 1843. Enum. 4: 191.

Anticlea is a genus of flowering plants in the family Melanthiaceae, tribe Melanthieae. Molecular phylogenetic studies in the 21st century have resulted in number of changes to placements within this tribe. Anticlea was long submerged into the genus Zigadenus; however its separate position has been confirmed. Some species were also moved from Stenanthium into Anticlea.[2] (See also Phylogeny of Melanthieae.) Members of Anticlea may also be distinguished from other members of the former genus Zigadenus, the deathcamases, by the presence of narrow tepals with a single, conspicuous, bilobed gland. It also has a wider distribution, occurring in Asia and much of North and Central America, ranging south to Guatemala.[1][3][4][5][6]


Anticlea elegans (syn. Zigadenus elegans) - Elegant camas, alkali grass, mountain deathcamas - W + N United States, Alaska, Canada, Chihuahua
Anticlea frigida (syn. Stenanthium frigidum) - Veracruz
Anticlea hintoniorum (syn. Zigadenus hintoniorum) - Hinton's deathcamas - Coahuila, Nuevo León, Oaxaca[8]
Anticlea mogollonensis (syn. Zigadenus mogollonensis) - Mogollon deathcamas - New Mexico
Anticlea neglecta (syn. Zigadenus neglectus) - Guanajuato, Querétero[9]
Anticlea occidentalis (syn. Stenanthium occidentale) - Western featherbells - BC, Alb, Sask, WA, OR, ID, MT, N CA
Anticlea sachalinensis (syn. Stenanthium sachalinense) - Khabarovsk, Sakhalin
Anticlea sibirica (syn. Zigadenus sibiricus) - much of Russian Federation, China, Mongolia, Korea, Rebun, Rishiri
Anticlea vaginata (syn. Zigadenus vaginatus) - Sheathed deathcamas - Utah, Colorado, Arizona
Anticlea virescens (syn. Zigadenus virescens) - Green deathcamas - Colorado + Arizona south to Oaxaca
Anticlea volcanica (syn. Zigadenus volcanicus) - Lava deathcamas - C + S Mexico, Guatemala


Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Zomlefer, WB; WS Judd (2002). "Resurrection of Segregates of the Polyphyletic Genus Zigadenus s.l. (Liliales: Melanthiaceae) and Resulting New Combinations". Novon. 12 (2): 299–308. doi:10.2307/3392971. JSTOR 3392971.
Flora of North America, Zigadenus Michaux
Flora of China, Vol. 24 Page 85 棋盘花属 qi pan hua shu Zigadenus Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 213. 1803.
Zomlefer, WB; NH Williams; WM Whitten; WS Judd (2001). "Generic circumscriptions and relationships in the tribe Melanthieae (Liliales, Melanthiaceae), with emphasis on Zigadenus: Evidence from ITS and TRNL-F sequence data". American Journal of Botany. Botanical Society of America. 88 (9): 1657–1669. doi:10.2307/3558411. JSTOR 3558411. PMID 21669700.
Zomlefer, WB; WS Judd (2002). "Resurrection of Segregates of the Polyphyletic Genus Zigadenus s.l. (Liliales: Melanthiaceae) and Resulting New Combinations". Novon. Missouri Botanical Garden Press. 12 (2): 299–308. doi:10.2307/3392971. JSTOR 3392971.
Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps
Tropicos, specimen listing for Zigadenus hintoniorum
Tropicos, Zigadenus neglectus Espejo, López-Ferr. & Ceja Search in The Plant List

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