Fine Art

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Apiales

Familia: Apiaceae
Subfamilia: Apioideae
Tribus: Apieae
Genus: Apium
Species: A. annuum – A. chilense – A. commersonii – A. fernandezianum – A. graveolens – A. humile – A. insulare – A. panul – A. pimpinellifolium – A. prostratum – A. sellowianum

Source(s) of checklist:

Hassler, M. 2018. Apium. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 20. Reference page.


Apium L., Sp. Pl. 1: 264 (1753), nom. cons.

Lectotype species: Apium graveolens L., Sp. Pl. 1: 264 (1753), designated by Hitchcock, Prop. Brit. Bot. 142 (Aug 1929).

Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 264. Reference page.

Additional references

Hitchcock, A.S. & Green, M.L. 1929. Standard species of Linnaean genera of Phanerogamae (1753–1754). pp. 111–195 in International Botanical Congress. Cambridge (England), 1930. Nomenclature. Proposals by British Botanists. His Majesty's Stationery Office, London. Biblioteca Digital Reference page.
Ronse, A.C., Popper, Z.A., Preston, J.C. & Watson, M.F. 2010. Taxonomic revision of European Apium L. s.l.: Helosciadium W.D.J.Koch restored. Plant Systematics and Evolution 287(1–2): 1–17. DOI: 10.1007/s00606-010-0284-3 Paywall ResearchGate Reference page.


The Plant List 2013. Apium in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Apr. 18. Includes all Helosciadium species as synonyms of the equivalent Northern Eurasian Apium species. 2014. Apium. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Apr. 18. Includes Helosciadium as a synonym.

Vernacular names
Boarisch: Sellarie, Sellerer
Deutsch: Sellerie
Ελληνικά: Σέλινο
English: Celery, Marshwort
español: Apio
eesti: Seller
suomi: Sellerit, maustesellerit
Nordfriisk: Silere
français: Ache
hrvatski: Peršin
latviešu: Selerijas
македонски: Геревиз
Nederlands: Moerasscherm
polski: Selery
svenska: Flokor

Apium (including celery and the marshworts) is a genus of about 20 species of flowering plants in the family Apiaceae, with a subcosmopolitan distribution in Europe, Asia, Africa, South America and Australia. They are medium to tall biennials or perennials growing up to 1 m high in the wet soil of marshes and salt marshes, and have pinnate to bipinnate leaves and small white flowers in compound umbels. Some species are edible, notably Apium graveolens, which includes the commercially important vegetables celery, celeriac and Chinese celery. Apium bermejoi from the island of Menorca is one of the rarest plants in Europe, with fewer than 100 individuals left.[1]

The genus is the type genus of the family Apiaceae and the order Apiales.

Species include:

Apium annuum P.S.Short[2]
Apium australe
Apium bermejoi
Apium fernandezianum - johow
Apium filiforme
Apium graveolens L. - celery, wild celery[3]
Apium inundatum - lesser marshwort
Apium insulare P.S.Short[4] - Flinder's Island celery
Apium leptophyllum - marsh parsley, or fir-leafed celery
Apium nodiflorum - fool's water cress
Apium prostratum Vent. - sea celery[5]
Apium repens - creeping marshwort

Apium species, including garden celery, are eaten by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including angle shades, common swift, Hypercompe icasia, the nutmeg, setaceous Hebrew character and turnip moth.
Lesser marshwort, Apium inundatum

IUCN Red List: Apium bermejo.
"Apium annuum". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.
"Apium graveolens". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.
"Apium insulare". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
"Apium prostratum". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World