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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Apostasioideae
Genera: (2)

Apostasioideae Horan. Char. Ess. Fam.: 46 (1847)

Type genus: Apostasia Blume, Bijdr.: 423 (1825)


Horaninow, P. 1847. Characteres essentiales familiarum, ac tribuum regni vegetabilis et amphorganici ad leges tetractydis naturae conscripti accedit enumeratio generum magis notorum et organographiae supplementum. VIII+301 pp. Typis K. Wienhöberianis, Petropoli [St. Petersburg]. BHL Reference page. : 46.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 1999. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 1: General Introduction, Apostasioideae, Cypripedioideae; page 1-161 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-198505-13-2 2012. Apostasioideae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 17 Sept. 2012. 2013. Apostasioideae in The Orders and Families of Monocotyledons. Published online. Accessed: 2013 Apr. 29.

Vernacular names
català: Apostasiòidia
English: Apostasioid orchids
magyar: Aposztáziafélék
한국어: 야쿠시마난아과
русский: Апостасиевые
Tiếng Việt: Phân họ Giả lan

Apostasioideae is one of the five subfamilies recognised within the orchid family, Orchidaceae.[1] Only two genera, Neuwiedia and Apostasia, and 15 species, are recognised within the Apostasioideae in contrast to the other orchid subfamilies which are highly species rich.

The Apostasioideae are generally considered a basal lineage within the orchids[2] based on molecular data and flower structure. All other orchid subfamilies with the exception of the Cypripedioideae are monandrous (possessing a single stamen), however Apostasioid orchids have 3 stamens.

As with all basal or 'primitive' groups, extant species within Apostasioideae do not represent direct ancestors of the other subfamilies, they simply share the same common ancestor. However, by having followed a separate evolutionary pathway from the other orchids extant Apostasioid orchids may allow biologists to make inferences about features present in that common ancestor.[3]

Chase, Mark W.; Cameron, Kenneth M.; Freudenstein, John V.; Pridgeon, Alec M.; Salazar, Gerardo; van den Berg, Cássio; Schuiteman, André (2015). "An updated classification of Orchidaceae". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 177 (2): 151–174. doi:10.1111/boj.12234. ISSN 0024-4074.
Kocyan, A.; Qiu, Y.-L.; Endress, P.K. & Conti, E. (August 2004). "A phylogenetic analysis of Apostasioideae (Orchidaceae) based on ITS, trnL-F and matK sequences" (PDF). Plant Syst. Evol. 247 (3/4): 203–213. doi:10.1007/s00606-004-0133-3.

Stern, W. L.; V. Cheadle; J. Thorsch (1993). "Apostasiads, systematic anatomy, and the origins of Orchidaceae". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 111 (4): 411–445. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.1993.tb01913.x.


Pridgeon, A.M.; Cribb, P.J.; Chase, M.W. & F. N. Rasmussen (1999): Genera Orchidacearum Vol.1, Oxford U. Press. ISBN 0-19-850513-2

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