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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Cichorioideae
Tribus: Cichorieae
Subtribus: Cichoriinae
Genus: Arnoseris
Species (1): A. minima

[source: The Plant List]
Name

Arnoseris Gaertn. (1791)

Type species: A. pusilla Gaertn., nom. illeg.

References

Gaertner, J. 1790–1792 ["1791"]. De fructibus et seminibus plantarum. Volumen alterum, continens seminum centurias quinque posteriores cum tabulis aeneis CI. LII + 520 pp., tt. 80–180. Typis Guilielmi Henrici Schrammii, Tubingae [Tübingen]. BHL Reference page. : 355 [1].

Links

Hassler, M. 2018. Arnoseris. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 May 20. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Arnoseris. Published online. Accessed: May 20 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Arnoseris in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 May 20.
Tropicos.org 2018. Arnoseris. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 May 20.

Arnoseris is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the daisy family.[2][3][4]

The only known species is Arnoseris minima, native to Europe, Morocco, and the Middle East; naturalized in parts of northeastern North America (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Maine, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan).[5][6] Common names in the United States: dwarf nipplewort or lamb-succory.[7] Common names in the British Isles: lamb's succory.[8]

It has a maximum height of 30 cm, is herbaceous and does not spread vegetatively.[9]

The species became extinct across the British Isles in 1971.[10] There was an attempt to reintroduce the species, and there has been one recent sighting in England.[11]

Arnoseris minima is an annual weed of cornfields and fallow fields, favouring infertile, sandy, acidic soils.[12]
Arnoseris minima photographed in Poland in 2008

The word 'succory' is an anglicization of the French 'cichorie' (chicory). The 'lamb' in the name denotes that it is a chicory only suitable for animal consumption.[13] The genus Arnoseris comes from the Ancient Greek 'arnos seris' meaning 'sheep's endive'. The species epithet minima means 'small'.[14]
Secondary metabolites

Arnoseris minima is a source of the simple coumarin aesculetin and the flavonoids luteolin, luteolin 7-O-β-D-glucoside, luteolin 4'-O-β-D-glucoside, and 3-O-methylquercetin.[15]
References

"Global Compositae Checklist". archive.is. 2014-11-08. Archived from the original on 2014-11-08. Retrieved 2018-12-17.
Gaertner, Joseph. 1791. De Fructibus et Seminibus Plantarum. 2(3): 355 in Latin
Gaertner, Joseph. 1791. De Fructibus et Seminibus Plantarum. 2(3):plate 157, figure 3 line drawing as illustration
Tropicos, Arnoseris Gaertn.
Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution map
Altervista Flora Italiana, Arnoseris minima (L.) Schweigg. & Korte includes photos and European distribution map
Brako, L., A.Y. Rossman & D.F. Farr. 1995. Scientific and Common Names of 7,000 Vascular Plants in the United States 1–294.
BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora
Woodland Trust - 7 Extinct Plants in the UK and the Rarest Plants to Save
Online Atlas of the British Flora
Online Atlas of the British Flora
a New Universal Etymological and Pronouncing Dictionary of the English Language
Flora of North America
Zidorn, C; Udovičić, V; Spitaler, R; Ellmerer, E P; Stuppner, H (2005). "Secondary metabolites from Arnoseris minima". Biochemical Systematics and Ecology. 33: 827–829. doi:10.1016/j.bse.2004.12.026. ISSN 0305-1978.

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Biology Encyclopedia

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