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Avena sterilis (United States Geological Survey)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Pooideae
Tribus: Aveneae
Subtribus: Aveninae
Genus: Avena
Species: Avena sterilis

Avena sterilis L.

USDA, NRCS. 2006. The PLANTS Database, 6 March 2006 ( Data compiled from various sources by Mark W. Skinner. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Tauber Hafer

Ελληνικά, Κυπριακά: Αγριοβρώμη μεγάλη

suomi: Koristekaura

Avena sterilis (animated oat, sterile oat, wild oat, wild red oat, winter wild oat; syn. Avena ludoviciana Durieu; Avena sterilis ssp. ludoviciana (Durieu) Gillet & Magne in Federal Noxious Weed Disseminules of the U.S.) is a species of grass weed, and its seeds are edible.


Avena sterilis is native to the Mediterranean Basin and West, Central and South Asia, but is widely naturalized elsewhere.[1]
As a weed
Herbicide resistance

Avena sterilis ssp. ludoviciana with multiple herbicide resistance - at 2 SOAs - was first observed in Kermanshah, Khuzestan, Iran, in winter wheat cultivation in 2010.[2] These populations are known to be resistant to clodinafop-propargyl, iodosulfuron-methyl-sodium, and mesosulfuron-methyl.[2] Resistance in Asl (and Avena fatua) to fenoxaprop‐P‐ethyl has evolved in several fields in England.[3] Although these Asl and A. fatua are also hybridising, it remains unproven if this is why they both have resistance, or in which direction this has occurred.[3] A. sterilis populations in Greece are almost all resistant to diclofop but susceptible to most other herbicides, including others of the same MOA (i.e., AACase inhibitors).[4] However, most Greek populations do have diclofop resistance and some other resistance to at least one other herbicide.[4]

Rhodes, L.; Bradley, I.; Zair, W.; Maxted, N. (2016). "Avena sterilis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T172204A19395364. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T172204A19395364.en. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
"Multiple resistant Avena sterilis ssp. ludoviciana from Iran". International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds. Herbicide Resistance Action Committee. Retrieved 2020-12-09.
Cavan, G.; Biss, P.; Moss, S R (1998). "Herbicide resistance and gene flow in wild-oats (Avena fatua and Avena sterilis ssp. ludoviciana)". Annals of Applied Biology. Wiley. 133 (2): 207–217. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.1998.tb05821.x. ISSN 0003-4746.
Travlos, Ilias S.; Giannopolitis, Costas N.; Economoua, Garifalia (2011-11-01). "Diclofop resistance in sterile wild oat (Avena sterilis L.) in wheat fields in Greece and its management by other post-emergence herbicides". Crop Protection. Elsevier. 30 (11): 1449–1454. doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2011.07.001. ISSN 0261-2194. Retrieved 2020-12-09.

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