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Bambusa polymorpha

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Bambusoideae
Tribus: Bambuseae
Subtribus: Bambusinae
Genus: Bambusa
Species: Bambusa polymorpha

Bambusa polymorpha Munro, 1868

Arundarbor polymorpha (Munro) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 761 (1891).
Bambusa cyanostachya¡ Kurz ex Gamble in J.D.Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 7: 389 (1896), pro syn.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: China
China South-Central
Continental: Asia-Tropical
Regional: Indo-China
Regional: Southeastern Asia
Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand
Introduced into:
Assam, Cuba, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Jawa, Puerto Rico, Sri Lanka, Trinidad-Tobago

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Munro, W., 1868. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. London 26: 98

Additional references

Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Bambusa polymorpha in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2022 August 21. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2022. Bambusa polymorpha. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2022. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2022 August 21. Reference page. 2022. Bambusa polymorpha. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 21 August 2022.
International Plant Names Index. 2022. Bambusa polymorpha. Published online. Accessed: August 21 2022.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Bambusa polymorpha in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 2022 August 21.

Vernacular names
English: polymorph bamboo
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကြသောင်းဝါး
Tiếng Việt: Lồ ô Trường Sơn
中文: 灰秆竹, 灰竿竹

Bambusa polymorpha, or Burmese bamboo, is a species of clumping bamboo native to Bangladesh, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Java, Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Ecuador.[1]


It is a tall, grayish green colored bamboo species, which grows in thickets consisting of a large number of heavily branched, closely growing culms. It reaches a height of 10–30 m.[2]

Culms are green, covered with whitish brown hair, and become brownish green when drying. Young shoots are greenish brown in color. Branching occurs from the mid-culm to the top. Aerial roots reach up to few nodes above ground.

Young culm sheaths are greenish, which become yellowish brown when mature. Sheaths of growing shoots are golden yellow color, with cup-shaped blades. The sheath proper is 20–25 cm in length and 28–35 cm wide. Blade length is 5–10 cm. Auricles are equal, sickle-shaped, wavy, and curled. Upper surfaces of the sheaths are covered with brownish-black, closely pressed hairs. Lower surfaces of the sheaths are not hairy. Sheaths do not fall early, but blades fall.

In India, it is used for walls, partitions, troughs, and mats. In Myanmar, it is used for making house frames, wattle-and-daub walls, partitions, concrete reinforcement, and ceilings.

"Bambusa polymorpha".

kh02kg. "RBG Kew: GrassBase - Bambusa polymorpha Description".

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