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Starr 070906-8504 Bambusa textilis

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Bambusoideae
Tribus: Bambuseae
Subtribus: Bambusinae
Genus: Bambusa
Species: Bambusa textilis

Bambusa textilis McClure, 1940

Bambusa textilis var. glabra McClure, Lingnan Univ. Sci. Bull. 9: 16 (1940).
Bambusa textilis var. gracilis McClure, Lingnan Univ. Sci. Bull. 9: 16 (1940).
Bambusa textilis var. maculata McClure, Lingnan Univ. Sci. Bull. 9: 16 (1940).
Bambusa textilis var. pubescens B.M.Yang, J. Hunan Sci. Technol. Univ. 1(1): 116 (1985).
Bambusa textilis var. purpurascens N.H.Xia, Bamboo Res. 1985(1): 38 (1985).
Bambusa minutiligulata W.T.Lin & Z.M.Wu, J. Bamboo Res. 11(1): 27 (1992).
Bambusa annulata W.T.Lin & Z.J.Feng, J. Bamboo Res. 12(2): 33 (1993).
Bambusa glaucescens var. annulata (W.T.Lin & Z.J.Feng) N.H.Xia, J. Trop. Subtrop. Bot. 1: 10 (1993).
Bambusa varioaurita W.T.Lin & Z.J.Feng, J. S. China Agric. Univ. 14(1): 47 (1993).
Bambusa textilis f. purpurascens (N.H.Xia) T.P.Yi, Bamboos Fl. Sichuan: 63 (1997).

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: China
China Southeast
Regional: Indo-China
Introduced into:
Colombia, Puerto Rico

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

McClure, F.A., 1940. Lingnan University Science Bulletin. Canton [Guangzhou] 9: 14

Additional references

Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Bambusa textilis in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2022 August 21. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2022. Bambusa textilis. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2022. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2022 August 21. Reference page. 2022. Bambusa textilis. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 21 August 2022.
International Plant Names Index. 2022. Bambusa textilis. Published online. Accessed: August 21 2022.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Bambusa textilis in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 2022 August 21.

Vernacular names
English: textile bamboo, weaver's bamboo
Tiếng Việt: Hóp đá
中文: 青皮竹, 天竺黄,

Bambusa textilis, also known as slender bamboo, clumping bamboo and weaver's bamboo, is a species of bamboo in the Poaceae (grasses) family that is native to China. The subspecies var. gracilis is heavily cultivated in Australia.[1]

Canopy of slender bamboo in Maui, Hawaii.

Slender bamboo is a giant, densely leaved, upright bamboo, that grows in a tight clump up to 6 to 10 meters high and 2 meters in width at a fast rate and has a stem size of 3cm.[2]

Having elegant leaves that are lanceolate shaped, 9-25 x 1-2.5 cm long, and greenish blue-hued culm that is glossy and leathery, its long green internodes, 35-60 cm, change to yellow during prolonged sunlight exposure. Despite being an evergreen, some leaf loss can be expected in winter, but this depends on the location and microclimate.[3]

The stalk and the rhizome are one, making it a non-invasive plant. The top part of the short rhizome has buds, one of which grows into another very truncated rhizome that then turns upward to surface from the ground as a subsidiary culm close to the parent.[4]

In its native southern China, it usually found near rivers, on hills and villages at low altitudes in the Anhui, Guangdong, Fujian and Guangxi provinces.[5] It has been naturalized in Hawaii, Florida, Colombia and Puerto Rico.[6]

It is cultivated in particular to constitute hedges or privacy screens in suburban yards and can be planted in subtropical/tropical gardens where it can complement the native rainforest flora, and as well as in garden beds near a fence. It can also provide both noise and wind break, in addition to tolerating winds and temperatures as low as -10°C. Growing best in full sun to part shade, it may benefit from some mulch and nitrogen fertiliser.[7]

The variety var. gracilis is one of the most popular bamboos, especially in Australia, which is known as Gracilis bamboo, that forms a sightly slender clump and grows no more than 8 metres high. It reaches maturity within 3-5 years, depending on the weather and soil.[8] A gracilis in a 200mm container would usually grow to around 3 to 4 meters in 12 months. The glabra variety features more white on the lower areas of the internodes, giving the plant a striped appearance, and the fusca variety is larger, growing up to 12 meters and would top a 3 storey building.[9]

B. textilis var. fusca
B. textilis var. glabra
B. textilis var. gracilis
B. textilis var. maculata
B. textilis var. textilis


Bambusa textilis var. gracilis Common Names: Gracilis, Slender Weavers Living Bamboo Production Nursery
Rao, A.N., G. Dhanarajan, C.B. Sastry. 1985. Recent Research on Bamboos. Proceedings of the International Bamboo Workshop. October 6-14, 1985 1985, Hangzhou, People’s Republic of China. The Chinese Academy of Forestry, People’s Republic of China. International Development Research Centre, Canada
Rao, A.N. and V. Ramanatha Rao, editors. 1998. Priority Species of Bamboo and Rattan. IPGRI-APO, Serdang, Malaysia.
Bambusa textilis - McClure Plants for a Future
Bambusa textilis McClure, Lingnan Univ. Sci. Bull. 9: 14. 1940. Flora of China
Bambusa textilis Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)
Bambusa textilis Gracilis Slender Weavers Bamboo Alpine Nurseries
The best of clumping bamboo Better Homes and Gardens


"Bambusa textilis McClure". Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.
"Bambusa textilis". Flora of China – via, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
"Bambusa textilis McClure (1940)". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
"Bambusa textilis McClure". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew – via The Plant List.
"Bambusa textilis McClure". Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden.
"Bambusa textilis McClure, 1940". Universal Biological Indexer and Organizer (UBIO).

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