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Taxonavigation: Fabales
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Thermopsideae
Genus: Baptisia
Species: B. aberrans – B. alba – B. albescens – B. arachnifera – B. australis – B. × bicolor – B. bracteata – B. × bushii – B. calycosa – B. cinerea – B. × fulva – B. lanceolata – B. lecontei – B. megacarpa – B. × microphylla – B. nuttalliana – B. perfoliata – B. × serenae – B. simplicifolia – B. sphaerocarpa – B. × sulphurea – B. tinctoria – B. × variicolor
Source(s) of checklist:


Baptisia Vent. (1808)

Type species: Baptisia alba (L.) R.Br.


Crotalopsis Michx. ex DC. Prodr. 2: 100. 1825, nom. inval.
Eaplosia Raf., New Fl. N. Am. 2: 51. 1836, publ. 1837.
Lasinia Raf., New Fl. N. Am. 2: 48. 1836, publ. 1837.
Pericaulon Raf., New Fl. N. Am. 2: 50. 1836, publ. 1837.
Podalyria Lam.
Ripasia Raf., New Fl. N. Am. 2: 48. 1836, publ. 1837.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Northern America
Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Québec, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin
Introduced into:
New Jersey

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Ventenat, É.P. 1808. Decas Generum Novorum, aut Parum Cognitorum 9.

Additional references

Larisey, M.M. 1940. A Monograph of the Genus Baptisia. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 27: 119–244 [1].


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Baptisia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jun 07. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Baptisia. Published online. Accessed: Jun 07 2021. 2021. Baptisia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jun 07.
Hassler, M. 2021. Baptisia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jun 06. Reference page. 7
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Baptisia. Accessed: 07 Jun 2021.

Vernacular names
suomi: Etelänherneet
русский: Баптизия

Baptisia (wild indigo,[2] false indigo) is a genus in the legume family, Fabaceae. They are flowering herbaceous perennial plants with pea-like flowers, followed by pods, which are sometimes inflated. They are native to woodland and grassland in eastern and southern North America. The species most commonly found in cultivation is B. australis.[3]

Baptisia species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including the jaguar flower moth, Schinia jaguarina.


Baptisia comprises the following species:[4][5][6][7]

Baptisia alba (L.) Vent.—white wild indigo
var. alba (L.) Vent.
var. macrophylla (Larisey) Isely
Baptisia albescens Small
Baptisia arachnifera W.H. Duncan—cobwebby wild indigo, hairy rattleweed (limited to two counties in southeastern Georgia)[8]
Baptisia australis (L.) R. Br.—blue false indigo, blue wild indigo
var. australis (L.) R. Br.
var. minor (Lehm.) Fernald
Baptisia bicolor Greenm. & Larisey
Baptisia bracteata Elliott—longbract wild indigo, Plains wild indigo
var. bracteata Elliott
var. glabrescens (Larisey) Isely
var. laevicaulis (Canby) Isely
var. leucophaea (Nutt.) Kartesz & Gandhi
Baptisia calycosa Canby—Florida wild indigo
var. calycosa Canby
var. villosa Canby
Baptisia cinerea (Raf.) Fernald & B.G. Schub.—grayhairy wild indigo
Baptisia deamii Larisey
Baptisia fragilis Larisey
Baptisia fulva Larisey
Baptisia intercalata Larisey
Baptisia intermedia Larisey
Baptisia lanceolata (Walter) Elliott—gopherweed (Georgia, Alabama, Florida, South Carolina)[8]
var. lanceolata (Walter) Elliott
var. tomentosa (Larisey) Isely
Baptisia lecontei Torr. & A. Gray—pineland wild indigo
Baptisia macilenta Small ex Larisey
Baptisia megacarpa Torr. & A. Gray—Apalachicola wild indigo
Baptisia microphylla Nutt.
Baptisia nuttalliana Small—Nuttall's wild indigo
Baptisia perfoliata (L.) R. Br.—catbells
Baptisia pinetorum Larisey
Baptisia serenae M.A. Curtis
Baptisia simplicifolia Croom—scareweed
Baptisia sphaerocarpa Nutt.—yellow wild indigo, green wild indigo, round wild indigo
Baptisia stricta Larisey
Baptisia sulphurea Engelm.
Baptisia tinctoria (L.) Vent.—rattleweed, wild indigo, horseflyweed, indigo-broom, yellow broom

Species names with uncertain taxonomic status

The status of the following species is unresolved:[6]

Baptisia auriculata Sweet
Baptisia lupinoides Burb.
Baptisia retusa Raf.


The following hybrids have been described:[6]

Baptisia ×bushii Small
Baptisia ×variicolor Kosnik, et al. (Baptisia australis × Baptisia sphaerocarpa)

See also

Indigofera—true indigo


Cardoso D, Pennington RT, de Queiroz LP, Boatwright JS, Van Wyk BE, Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". S Afr J Bot. 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001.
"Baptisia". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
A–Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley in association with the Royal Horticultural Society. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
"ILDIS LegumeWeb entry for Baptisia". International Legume Database & Information Service. Cardiff School of Computer Science & Informatics. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
USDA; ARS; National Genetic Resources Program. "GRIN species records of Baptisia". Germplasm Resources Information Network—(GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
"The Plant List entry for Baptisia". The Plant List. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and the Missouri Botanical Garden. 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
"Baptisia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Young AS, Chang SM, Sharitz RR (2007), "Reproductive ecology of a federally endangered legume, Baptisia arachnifera, and its more widespread congener, B. lanceolata (Fabaceae)", Am J Bot, 94 (2): 228–236, doi:10.3732/ajb.94.2.228, PMID 21642225

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