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Brachypodium pinnatum

Brachypodium pinnatum

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Pooideae
Tribus: Brachypodieae
Genus: Brachypodium
Species: Brachypodium pinnatum
Subspecies: B. p. subsp. pinnatum

Brachypodium pinnatum (L.) P.Beauv.

Essai d'une Nouvelle Agrostographie; ou Nouveaux Genres des Graminées; Avec Figures Représentant les Caractéres de tous le Genres. Imprimerie de Fain. Paris 101, 155. 1812
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Brachypodium pinnatum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Fieder-Zwenke
English: Tor-grass
suomi: Mäkilehtoluste
polski: Kłosownica pierzasta

Brachypodium pinnatum, the heath false brome[2] or tor-grass, is a species of grass with a widespread distribution in temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. It typically grows in calcareous grassland, and reaches 70–120 centimetres (28–47 in) tall. The flowerhead is open, with 10 to 15 erect spikelets.


The plant can be found in such US states as California, Massachusetts, and Oregon.[2]
Blooming next to low garden wall

The caterpillars of some Lepidoptera use it as a food plant, e.g. the Essex skipper (Thymelicus lineola). It is also one of the most important host grasses for Auchenorrhyncha in central Europe.[3]
See also

Brachypodium distachyon


C. A. M. Lindman (1856–1928), taken from his book(s) Bilder ur Nordens Flora (first edition published 1901–1905, supplemented edition 1917–1926?).
USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Brachypodium pinnatum". The PLANTS Database ( Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
Nickel, H. (2003). The Leafhoppers and Planthoppers of Germany (Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha): Patterns and Strategies in a Highly Diverse Group of Phytophagous Insects. Sofia, Moscow: Pensoft and Keltern: Goecke & Evers.

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