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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Asparagaceae
Subfamilia: Scilloideae
Tribus: Hyacintheae
Subtribus: Hyacinthinae
Genus: Brimeura
Species: B. amethystina – B. duvigneaudii – B. fastigiata

Brimeura Salisb., Gen. Pl. 26. 1866.

Type species: Brimeura amethystina (L.) Chouard, Compt. Rend. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci. 191: 1147. 1930.


Sarcomphalium Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 113. 1867.
Charistemma Janka, Term. Füz. 10: 62. 1886.

Native distribution areas:

Southwestern Europe
Baleares, Corse, France, Sardegna, Spain.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Salisbury, R.A. 1866. The Genera of Plants 26.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2014. Brimeura in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Mar. 7. Reference page.
The Plant List 2013. Brimeura in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Mar. 7. 2014. Brimeura. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Mar. 7.
International Plant Names Index. 2014. Brimeura. Published online. Accessed: Mar. 7 2014.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Brimeura in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 08-Apr-12.

Brimeura is a genus of bulb-forming, monocotyledonous perennial plants. They have narrow leaves and bear bluebell-like flowers in Spring.[2][4] Brimeura is treated in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae, tribe Hyacintheae, subtribe Hyacinthinae.[5][6] It contains the following species[2][3]

Brimeura amethystina (L.) Chouard - Pyrenees
Brimeura duvigneaudii (L.Llorens) Rosselló, Mus & Mayol - Mallorca
Brimeura fastigiata (Viv.) Chouard - Mallorca, Menorca, Corsica, Sardinia

Salisbury states that he named the genus in honour of the seventeenth century Netherlandish botanist and horticulturalist, Marie de Brimeu.[1][2]

The genus is native to southeastern Europe and certain islands of the western Mediterranean.[3] The species B. amethystina (formerly Hyacinthus amethystina) has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[7]

Salisbury & Gray 1866.
Goñalons 2014.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
Pfosser et al 2003.
Stevens 2017.

"RHS Plant Selector - Brimeura amethystina". Retrieved 15 April 2020.


Pfosser, M.; Wetschnig, W.; Ungar, S.; Prenner, G. (2003). "Phylogenetic relationships among genera of Massonieae (Hyacinthaceae) inferred from plastid DNA and seed morphology". Journal of Plant Research. 116 (2): 115–132. doi:10.1007/s10265-003-0076-8. PMID 12736783. S2CID 7554964.
Salisbury, Richard Anthony; Gray, J. E. (1866). The Genera of Plants (Unpublished fragment). J. Van Voorst. p. 26. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
Stevens, P.F. (2017) [2001]. "Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Hyacinthaceae". Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 22 September 2017. (see also Angiosperm Phylogeny Website)
"Brimeura". Flora Iberica. Real Jardín Botánico. 2017. Retrieved 22 September 2017.
Goñalons, Llorenç Sáez (2014). "Brimeura L.". In Talavera, S; Andrés, C; Arista, M; Fernández Piedra, MP; Rico, E; Crespo, MB; Quintanar, A; Herrero, A; Aedo, C (eds.). Flora Iberica. Vol 20 (PDF) (in Spanish). Madrid: Real Jardín Botánico, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. Retrieved 22 September 2017.

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