Fine Art

Bromelia pinguin

Bromelia pinguin, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Bromeliaceae
Subfamilia: Bromelioideae
Genus: Bromelia
Species: Bromelia pinguin

Bromelia pinguin L.

Karatas pinguin (L.) Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.º 1 (1768).
Ananas pinguin (L.) Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 30 (1788).
Agallostachys pinguin (L.) Beer, Fam. Bromel.: 36 (1856).
Bromelia fastuosa Lindl., Collect. Bot. (Barcelona): 1 (1821).
Bromelia sepiaria Schult. & Schult.f. in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 7: 1283 (1830), nom. nud.
Agallostachys fastuosa (Lindl.) Beer, Fam. Bromel.: 36 (1856).
Bromelia ignea Beer, Fam. Bromel.: 35 (1856).

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Southern America
Belize; Cayman Is.; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Ecuador; El Salvador; Florida; Guatemala; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Jamaica; Leeward Is.; Nicaragua; Panama; Puerto Rico; Southwest Caribbean; Suriname; Venezuela; Venezuelan Antilles; Windward Is.
Continental: Northern America
Mexico Gulf; Mexico Northeast; Mexico Northwest; Mexico Southeast; Mexico Southwest

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition


Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 285. Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Bromelia pinguin in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Jun 21. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Bromelia pinguin. Published online. Accessed: Jun 21 2019.
The Plant List 2013. Bromelia pinguin in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Jun 21. 2019. Bromelia pinguin. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Jun 21.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Bromelia pinguin in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 08-Apr-12.

Vernacular names

Bromelia pinguin is a plant species in the genus Bromelia. This species is native to Central America, Mexico, the West Indies and northern South America.[2] It is also reportedly naturalized in Florida.[2] It is very common in Jamaica, where it is planted as a fence around pasture lands, on account of its prickly leaves. The plant can be stripped of its pulp, soaked in water, and beaten with a wooden mallet, and it yields a fiber whence thread is made. In Nicaragua and El Salvador it is used to make gruel.[3][4]
Bromelia pinguin (Piñuela) in El Crucero, Managua, Nicaragua.
Bromelia pinguin flower in El Crucero, Managua, Nicaragua

John Lindley (1799-1865) - Collectanea botanica, or, Figures and botanical illustrations of rare and curious exotic plants by John Lindley, London, pl 1
"Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families".

Reynolds, Francis J., ed. (1921). "Penguin" . Collier's New Encyclopedia. New York: P. F. Collier & Son Company.

Additional sources
Luther, Harry E. (1995). "An Annotated Checklist of the Bromeliaceae of Costa Rica". Selbyana. 16 (2): 230–234. ISSN 0361-185X. JSTOR 41759911.
Espejo-Serna, Adolfo; López-Ferrari, Ana Rosa; Ramírez-morillo, Ivón; Holst, Bruce K.; Luther, Harry E.; Till, Walter (1 June 2004). "Checklist of Mexican Bromeliaceae with Notes on Species Distribution and Levels of Endemism". Selbyana. 25 (1): 33–86. ISSN 2689-0682. JSTOR 41760147.
Holst, Bruce K. (1 February 1994). "Checklist of Venezuelan Bromeliaceae with Notes on Species Distribution by State and Levels of Endemism". Selbyana. 15 (1): 132–149. ISSN 2689-0682. JSTOR 41759858.
Luther, H.E. (1999). "Bromeliaceae". In Jørgensen, P.M.; León-Yánez, S. (eds.). Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador = Catálogo de las plantas vasculares del Ecuador (PDF). St. Louis, Mo.: Missouri Botanical Garden Press. pp. 337–361. ISBN 978-0915279609. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 September 2006.

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