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Bulbophyllum medusae

Bulbophyllum medusae

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Dendrobieae
Genus: Bulbophyllum
Species: Bulbophyllum medusae

Bulbophyllum medusae (Lindl.) Rchb.f. in W.G.Walpers, Ann. Bot. Syst. 6: 262 (1861)

Cirrhopetalum medusae Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 28: t. 12 (1842)
Phyllorkis medusae (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 677 (1891)
Cirrhopetalum medusae var. album Rolfe, Orchid Rev. 31: 131 (1923)


Reichenbach, H.G. 1861. Annales Botanices Systematicae 6: 262.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 2014. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 6: Epidendroideae (Part three); page 4 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19964-651-7
Govaerts, R. et al. 2014. Bulbophyllum medusae in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Aug.25 . Reference page. 2014. Bulbophyllum medusae in The Orders and Families of Monocotyledons. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Aug. 25. 2014. Bulbophyllum medusae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Aug. 25.
International Plant Names Index. 2014. Bulbophyllum medusae. Published online. Accessed: 25. Aug. 2014.
The Plant List 2013. Bulbophyllum medusae in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Aug. 25.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Asia-Tropical
Regional: Indo-China
Regional: Malesia
Borneo, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaya, Sumatera.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Vernacular names

English: Medusa's Bulbophyllum
日本語: バルボフィラム・メデューサエ
lietuvių: Medūzinis gumblapis
ไทย: สิงโตดอกไม้ไฟ

Bulbophyllum medusae, commonly known as the Medusa orchid, is a species of epiphytic orchid with a creeping rhizome and a single leaf about 100 mm (3.9 in) long emerging from the top of each pseudobulb. The flowers are creamy yellow and arranged in clusters of about fifteen arranged in a circle at the tip of the flowering stem. The flowers have an unpleasant odour. The flowers have thread-like lateral sepals about 120 mm (4.7 in) long, giving each cluster the appearance of Medusa.[2]

The Medusa orchid was first formally described in 1861 by John Lindley who gave it the name Cirrhopetalum medusae and published the description in Edwards's Botanical Register.[3][4] In 1861, Heinrich Gustav Reichenbach changed the name to Bulbophyllum medusae.[1]

Bulbophyllum medusae grows on the trunk and main branches of trees in forest at altitudes up to 400 m (1,300 ft) in Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo, the Lesser Sunda Islands and Sumatra.[2]

"Bulbophyllum medusae". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
"Bulbophyllum medusae". Singapore Government National Parks Board. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
"Cirrhopetalum medusae". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Lindley, John (1842). "Cirrhopetalum medusae". Edwards's Botanical Register. 28: 12. Retrieved 14 December 2018.

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