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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Magnoliids
Ordo: Laurales

Familia: Calycanthaceae
Subfamiliae: Calycanthoideae – Idiospermoideae
Genera: CalycanthusChimonanthusIdiospermum


Calycanthaceae Lindl. (1819) nom. cons.

Type genus: Calycanthus L.


Butneriaceae Barnh., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 22: 24. 1895.
Type genus: Butneria Duhamel, nom. rej.
Chimonanthaceae Perleb, Clav. Class.: 33. 1838.
Type genus: Chimonanthus Lindl., nom. cons.
Idiospermaceae S.T.Blake, Contr. Queensland Herb. 12: 3. 1972.
Type genus: Idiospermum S.T.Blake


Lindley, J. 1819. Botanical Register 5: ad t. 404.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Calycanthaceae in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 July 18. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Calycanthaceae. Published online. Accessed: July 18 2019.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.
Staedler, Y.M., Weston, P.H. & Endress, P.K. 2009. Comparative gynoecium structure and development in Calycanthaceae (Laurales). International Journal of Plant Sciences 170(1): 21-41. DOI: 10.1086/593045 PDF from ResearchGate Reference page.

Vernacular names
العربية: كأسيات الزهر
català: Calicantàcies
čeština: Sazaníkovité
dansk: Kanelbusk-familien
Deutsch: Gewürzstrauchgewächse
English: Strawberry-shrub family
eesti: Vürtspõõsalised
فارسی: گل‌شرابیان
suomi: Kalukkipensaskasvit
hrvatski: Kalikantovke
magyar: Fűszercserjefélék
한국어: 받침꽃과
kurdî: Famîleya gulçanaxan
lietuvių: Kalikantiniai
മലയാളം: കാലികന്തസീ
polski: Kielichowcowate
русский: Каликантовые
svenska: Kryddbuskeväxter
Tiếng Việt: Họ Lạp mai
中文(简体): 蜡梅科
中文(繁體): 蠟梅科

The Calycanthaceae (sweetshrubs or spicebushes) are a small family of flowering plants in the order Laurales. The family contains three genera and only 10 known species [2], restricted to warm temperate and tropical regions:

Calycanthus (three species; western and southeastern North America and one species in eastern Asia)
Chimonanthus (six species; eastern Asia)
Idiospermum (one species; Queensland, Australia)

They are aromatic, deciduous shrubs growing to 2–4 m tall, except for Idiospermum, which is a large evergreen tree. The flowers are white to red, with spirally arranged tepals. DNA-based phylogenies indicate the Northern Hemisphere Calycanthus and Chimonanthus diverged from each other in the mid-Miocene, while the Australian Idiospermum had already diverged by the Upper Cretaceous and likely represents a remnant of a former Gondwanan distribution of Calycanthaceae that included South America, as indicated by the occurrence of Cretaceous Calycanthaceae fossils in Brazil.

In the APG IV system of 2016, Calycanthaceae is placed in the Laurales order in the magnoliids clade.[3]

Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
Christenhusz, M. J. M.; Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2016). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 181 (1): 1–20. doi:10.1111/boj.12385. ISSN 0024-4074.

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