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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Liliales

Familia: Campynemataceae
Genera: CampynemaCampynemanthe

Campynemataceae Dumort. Anal. Fam. Pl. 57–58. (1829)

Type genus: Campynema Labill. Novae Holl. Pl. Spec. 1: 93. (1805)


du Mortier, B.C.J. 1829. Analyse des Familles de Plantes, 57–58.
Kubitzki, K. Campynemataceae. Flowering Plants. Monocotyledons: Lilianae (excluding Orchidaceae) 173-175.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Campynemataceae in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Aug. 6. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Campynemataceae in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Aug. 7. Reference page. 2013. Campynemataceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 16 Sept. 2013.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Campynemataceae. Published online. Accessed: 16 Sept. 2013.

Vernacular names
中文: 翠菱花科

Campynemataceae (Campynemaceae) is a family of flowering plants. The family consists of two genera and four species[5] of perennial herbaceous plants endemic to New Caledonia and Tasmania.


Originally described by Dumortier in 1829, Campynemaceae consisted of a single genus, Campynema, described by Labillardière in Tasmania in 1804. In 1893 Baillon identified a closely related genus, Campynemanthe in New Caledonia.[6] Together the two genera make up the family Campynemataceae sensu Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG), within the Liliales order.[7]

While historically, the two genera have generally been treated together, their circumscription has varied considerably. The third edition (1903) of Engler's Syllabus only included Campynema, but positioned it as Campynematoideae, a subfamily of Amaryllidaceae.[4]

The synthesis of molecular data with cladistic analysis suggests that the Liliales form one of eleven orders of monocotyledons.[8] Sequencing of the rbcL and trnL-F plastid genes revealed four main Liliales lineages:[9]

Liliaceae group: Liliaceae (including some former Uvulariaceae and Calochortaceae), Philesiaceae and Smilacaceae;
Colchicaceae group (Colchicoid lilies): Colchicaceae (including Petermannia and Uvularia), Alstroemeriaceae and Luzuriaga;
Melanthiaceae (including Trilliaceae).

This suggested that the Campynemataceae form one of seven families within the Liliales order.




branch with 50‑80% support


branch with 50‑80% support










Dumortier 1829, Campynemaceae p. 58.
Dahlgren, Clifford & Yeo 1985, pp. 213–214.
Dahlgren & Lu 1985.
Engler 1903, Campynematoideae p. 99.
Christenhusz, M. J. M.; Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. Magnolia Press. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.
Baillon 1893.
APG III 2009.
Meerow 2012.

Rudall et al. 2000.


Dahlgren, Rolf M.; Clifford, H. T.; Yeo, Peter (1985). The families of the monocotyledons: Structure, evolution, and taxonomy. Berlin and New York: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-642-64903-5. Retrieved 10 February 2014. Additional excerpts
Dahlgren, Rolf; Lu, An-ming (1985). "Campynemanthe (Campynemaceae): Morphology, microsporogenesis, early ovule ontogeny and relationships". Nordic Journal of Botany. 5 (4): 321–330. doi:10.1111/j.1756-1051.1985.tb01660.x.
Kubitzki, Klaus (1998-08-27). Campynemataceae. pp. 173–175. ISBN 9783540640608., in Kubitzki & Huber (1998)
Kubitzki, Klaus; Huber, Herbert, eds. (1998). The families and genera of vascular plants. Vol.3. Flowering plants. Monocotyledons: Lilianae (except Orchidaceae). Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 3-540-64060-6. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
Dumortier, Barthélemy-Charles (1829). Analyse des familles des plantes :avec l'indication des principaux genres qui s'y rattachent (in French). Tournay: Casterman. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
APG III (2009). "An Update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
Baillon, M. H. (1 November 1893). "L'organisation et les affinités des Campynémées". Bulletin Mensuel de la Société Linnéenne de Paris (in French). 2 (140): 1105–1109.
Engler, Adolf (1903) [1892]. Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien: eine Übersicht über das gesamte Pflanzensystem mit Berücksichtigung der Medicinal- und Nutzpflanzen nebst einer Übersicht über die Florenreiche und Florengebiete der Erde zum Gebrauch bei Vorlesungen und Studien über specielle und medicinisch-pharmaceutische Botanik (3rd ed.). Berlin: Gebrüder Borntraeger Verlag. p. 233. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
Goldblatt, Peter (1986). "Systematics and relationships of the bigeneric Pacific family Campynemataceae (Liliales)". Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Section B. 8: 117–132.
Meerow, A.W. (2012-09-17). Taxonomy and Phylogeny: Liliaceae. pp. 17–55. ISBN 9781439849248. In Kamenetsky & Okubo (2012)
Rudall, P. J.; Stobart, K. L.; Hong, W-P.; Conran, J. G.; Furness, C. A.; Kite, G. C.; Chase, M. W. (2000-05-19). Consider the lilies: systematics of Liliales. pp. 347–359. ISBN 9780643099296. Retrieved 14 January 2014. In Wilson & Morrison (2000)
Kamenetsky, Rina; Okubo, Hiroshi, eds. (2012). Ornamental Geophytes: From Basic Science to Sustainable Production. CRC Press. ISBN 978-1-4398-4924-8.
Wilson, K. L.; Morrison, D. A., eds. (2000). Monocots: Systematics and evolution (Proceedings of the Second International Conference on the Comparative Biology of the Monocotyledons, Sydney, Australia 1998). Collingwood, Australia: CSIRO. ISBN 0-643-06437-0. Retrieved 14 January 2014. Excerpts

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