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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Magnoliids
Ordo: Magnoliales

Familia: Annonaceae
Subfamilia: Ambavioideae
Genus: Cananga
Species: C. brandisana – C. odorata

Cananga (DC.) Hook. f. & Thomson Fl. Ind. 129. (1855)

Type species: Cananga odorata (Lam.) Hook. f. & Thomson Fl. Ind. 130. (1855)


Hooker, J.D. & Thomson, T. 1855. Flora Indica: Being a Systematic Account of the Plants of British India, 129.
Surveswaran, S., Wang, R.J., Su, Y.C. & Saunders, R.M. 2010. Generic delimitation and historical biogeography in the early-divergent 'ambavioid' lineage of Annonaceae: Cananga, Cyathocalyx and Drepananthus. Taxon 59(6): 1721-1734.JSTOR Full text from ResearchGate Reference page.
Turner, I.M. & Veldkamp, J.F. 2009. A History of Cananga (Annonaceae). The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 61 (1): 189–204. Full text HTML

Vernacular names
English: ylang-ylang

Cananga is a small genus of trees in the family Annonaceae, native to Indo-China and Malesia, but introduced elsewhere.[2] One of its species, Cananga odorata, is important as the source of the perfume ylang-ylang.[3]

Two species are recognized:[2][4]

Cananga brandisiana (Pierre) Saff., syn. Cananga latifolia (Hook.f. & Thomson) Finet & Gagnep.
Cananga odorata (Lam.) Hook.f. & Thomson

Cananga latifolia is listed as a separate species in some sources,[5] but the basionym, Unona latifolia Hook.f. & Thomson, is a later homonym of Unona latifolia Dunal and so is not an acceptable name. Unona brandisiana was explicitly proposed as a replacement name.[4]

"Cananga (DC.) Hook.f. & Thomson", IPNI Plant Names, International Plant Names Index, retrieved 2015-08-28
"Canaga (DC.) Hook.f. & Thomson". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
"Ylang-ylang", Encyclopædia Britannica online, retrieved 2015-08-28
Turner, I.M. & Veldkamp, J.F. (2009), "A History of Cananga (Annonaceae)", The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore, 61 (1): 189–204, archived from the original on 2016-02-06, retrieved 2015-06-28
"Cananga", The Plant List 1.1, retrieved 2015-08-28

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