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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Zingiberales

Familia: Cannaceae
Genus: Canna
Species: Canna glauca

Canna glauca L., 1753.


Canna angustifolia L., Sp. Pl.: 1. 1753.
Canna annaei André, Rev. Hort. 33: 471. 1861.
Canna fintelmannii Bouché, Linnaea 18: 487. 1845.
Canna glauca var. angusta J.W.Richardson, in Fl. Ilustr. Catar. 1(Canac.): 24. 1972.
Canna glauca var. annaei (André) Petersen in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Bras. 3(2): 72. 1890.
Canna glauca var. rubrolutea Hook., Bot. Mag. 62: t. 3437. 1835.
Canna glauca var. rufa Sims, Bot. Mag. 49: t. 2302. 1822.
Canna glauca var. siamensis (Kraenzl.) Nob.Tanaka, Makinoa, n.s., 1: 56. 2001.
Canna hassleriana Kraenzl., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 14: 296. 1916.
Canna jacobiniflora T.Koyama & Nob.Tanaka, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B 26: 9. 2000.
Canna lanceolata Lodd. ex Loudon, Hort. Brit. 1: 1. 1830), nom. nud.
Canna lancifolia Schrank, Syll. Pl. Nov. 1: 180. 1824.
Canna liturata Link ex A.Dietr., Sp. Pl. 1: 12. 1831.
Canna longifolia Bouché, Linnaea 18: 386. 1845.
Canna mexicana A.Dietr., Sp. Pl. 1: 11. 1831.
Canna pedicellata C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 106. 1827.
Canna schlechtendaliana Bouché, Linnaea 18: 487. 1845.
Canna schlechtendaliana var. annaei (André) Kraenzl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 47: 54. 1912.
Canna siamensis Kraenzl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 47: 55. 1912.
Canna stenantha Nob.Tanaka, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B 26: 7. 2000.
Canna stolonifera D.Dietr., Syn. Pl. 1: 11. 1839.
Canna stricta Bouché, Linnaea 12: 144. 1838.
Xyphostylis angustifolia (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 52. 1838.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Northern America
Alabama; Florida; Louisiana; Mexico Gulf; Mexico Southeast; Mexico Southwest; South Carolina; Texas
Continental: Southern America
Argentina Northeast; Argentina Northwest; Bermuda; Bolivia; Brazil North; Brazil Northeast; Brazil South; Brazil Southeast; Brazil West-Central; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Ecuador; El Salvador; French Guiana; Guatemala; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Jamaica; Leeward Is.; Nicaragua; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Puerto Rico; Suriname; Trinidad-Tobago; Uruguay; Venezuela; Windward Is.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 1. Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Canna glauca in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Aug. 10. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Canna glauca. Published online. Accessed: Aug. 10 2019. 2019. Canna glauca. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 10 Aug. 2019.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Canna glauca in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
español: achira
português: piriquiti

Canna glauca is a species of the Canna genus, a member of the family Cannaceae. It is commonly known as water canna or Louisiana canna.[2] It is native to the wetlands of tropical America and was introduced to England in 1730. It is also reportedly naturalized in Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Java and the Philippines.[3]


It is a perennial herb growing 3–6 feet (91–183 cm) tall.[2] It has narrow, blue-green (glaucous) leaves, atop of which sit its large, delicate, and pale yellow flowers.
Distribution and habitat

C. glauca is native to the southeastern and south-central United States (Texas, Florida, Louisiana and South Carolina) as well as Mexico, Central America, South America and the West Indies. It is an aquatic species, growing as a marginal plant in up to about 15 cm of still or slow-moving water.

Nobuyuki Tanaka, one of the leading researchers on genus Canna, recognises two varieties of Canna glauca:[4] Canna glauca var. glauca and Canna glauca var. siamensis (Kraenzl) N.Tanaka. The latter variety widespread in South and Southeast Asia, where it is supposed to have differentiated within the past few centuries.

The species prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil. The preferred soil is acid, neutral and basic (alkaline). It cannot grow in the shade and requires moist soil.[5] It is hardy to zone 10 and is frost tender. In the north latitudes it is in flower from August to October, and the seeds ripen in October.[6]


Raf. Fl. Ludov. 143 1817
"Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin". Retrieved 2022-02-12.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Canna glauca
Tanaka, N. 2001. Taxonomic revision of the family Cannaceae in the New World and Asia. Makinoa ser. 2, 1:34–43.
Cooke, Ian, 2001. The Gardener's Guide to Growing cannas, Timber Press. ISBN 0-88192-513-6
Johnson's Gardner's Dictionary (1856)

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